Cambridge Textbooks in Linguistics
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|Format:||Paperback / softback, 400 pages|
|Other Information: ||17 exercises|
|Published In: ||United Kingdom, 28 June 1999|
This is an introduction to Optimality Theory, whose central idea is that surface forms of language reflect resolutions of conflicts between competing constraints. A surface form is 'optimal' if it incurs the least serious violations of a set of constraints, taking into account their hierarchical ranking. Languages differ in the ranking of constraints; and any violations must be minimal. The book does not limit its empirical scope to phonological phenomena, but also contains chapters on the learnability of OT grammars; OT's implications for syntax; and other issues such as opacity. It also reviews in detail a selection of the considerable research output which OT has already produced. Exercises accompany chapters 1-7, and there are sections on further reading. Optimality Theory will be welcomed by any linguist with a basic knowledge of derivational Generative Phonology.
Table of Contents
Preface; 1. Conflicts in grammars; 2. The typology of structural changes; 3. Syllable structure and economy; 4. Metrical structure and parallelism; 5. Correspondence in reduplication; 6. Output-to-output correspondence; 7. Learning OT grammars; 8. Extensions to syntax; 9. Residual issues; References; Index of languages; Index of subjects; Index of constraints.
"This volume is an excellent introduction to the principles and worlings of optimality theory, a relatively new constraint-based framework...a superior introduction to the most current version of optamality theory..." Studies in Second Language Acquisition "Kager's book provides a comprehensive overview of OT theory and practice...It is noteworthy for its attention to detail and its analysis of arguments." Lanuage in Society
|Publisher: ||Cambridge University Press|
|Dimensions: ||22.5 x 15.14 x 2.95 centimeters (0.77 kg)|