Notes on the Editors x General Introduction xi Henrietta L. Moore and Todd Sanders Acknowledgments xvi Anthropology and Epistemology 1 Henrietta L. Moore and Todd Sanders PART I 19 Section 1 Culture and Behavior 21 1 The Aims of Anthropological Research 22 Franz Boas 2 The Concept of Culture in Science 32 A. L. Kroeber 3 Problems and Methods of Approach 37 Gregory Bateson 4 The Individual and the Pattern of Culture 43 Ruth Benedict Section 2 Structure and System 53 5 Rules for the Explanation of Social Facts 54 Emile Durkheim 6 On Social Structure 64 A. R. Radcliffe-Brown 7 Introduction to Political Systems of Highland Burma 70 E. R. Leach 8 Social Structure 78 Claude Levi-Strauss Section 3 Function and Environment 89 9 The Group and the Individual in Functional Analysis 90 Bronislaw Malinowski 10 The Concept and Method of Cultural Ecology 102 Julian H. Steward 11 Energy and the Evolution of Culture 109 Leslie A. White 12 Ecology, Cultural and Noncultural 123 Andrew P. Vayda and Roy A. Rappaport Section 4 Methods and Objects 129 13 Understanding and Explanation in Social Anthropology 130 J. H. M. Beattie 14 Anthropological Data and Social Reality 141 Ladislav Holy and Milan Stuchlik 15 Objectification Objectified 151 Pierre Bourdieu PART II 163 Section 5 Meanings as Objects of Study 165 16 Thick Description: Toward an Interpretive Theory of Culture 166 Clifford Geertz 17 Anthropology and the Analysis of Ideology 173 Talal Asad 18 Subjectivity and Cultural Critique 186 Sherry B. Ortner Section 6 Language and Method 191 19 Structural Analysis in Linguistics and in Anthropology 192 Claude Levi-Strauss 20 Ordinary Language and Human Action 204 Malcolm Crick 21 Language, Anthropology and Cognitive Science 210 Maurice Bloch Section 7 Cognition, Psychology, and Neuroanthropology 221 22 Towards an Integration of Ethnography, History and the Cognitive Science of Religion 222 Harvey Whitehouse 23 Linguistic and Cultural Variables in the Psychology of Numeracy 226 Charles Stafford 24 Subjectivity 231 T. M. Luhrmann 25 Why the Behavioural Sciences Need the Concept of the Culture-Ready Brain 236 Charles Whitehead Section 8 Bodies of Knowledges 245 26 Knowledge of the Body 246 Michael Jackson 27 The End of the Body? 260 Emily Martin 28 Hybridity: Hybrid Bodies of the Scientific Imaginary 276 Lesley Sharp PART III 283 Section 9 Coherence and Contingency 285 29 Puritanism and the Spirit of Capitalism 286 Max Weber 30 Introduction to Europe and the People Without History 293 Eric R. Wolf 31 Introduction to Of Revelation and Revolution 308 Jean Comaroff and John Comaroff 32 Epochal Structures I: Reconstructing Historical Materialism 322 Donald L. Donham 33 Structures and the Habitus 332 Pierre Bourdieu Section 10 Universalisms and Domain Terms 343 34 Body and Mind in Mind, Body and Mind in Body: Some Anthropological Interventions in a Long Conversation 344 Michael Lambek 35 So Is Female to Male as Nature Is to Culture? 357 Sherry B. Ortner 36 Global Anxieties: Concept-Metaphors and Pre-theoretical Commitments in Anthropology 363 Henrietta L. Moore Section 11 Perspectives and Their Logics 377 37 The Rhetoric of Ethnographic Holism 378 Robert J. Thornton 38 Writing Against Culture 386 Lila Abu-Lughod 39 Cutting the Network 400 Marilyn Strathern Section 12 Objectivity, Morality, and Truth 411 40 The Primacy of the Ethical: Propositions for a Militant Anthropology 412 Nancy Scheper-Hughes 41 Moral Models in Anthropology 419 Roy D?Andrade 42 Postmodernist Anthropology, Subjectivity, and Science: A Modernist Critique 429 Melford E. Spiro 43 Beyond Good and Evil? Questioning the Anthropological Discomfort with Morals 441 Didier Fassin PART IV 445 Section 13 The Anthropology of Western Modes of Thought 447 44 The Invention of Women 448 Oyeronke Oyiwumi 45 Valorizing the Present: Orientalism, Postcoloniality and the Human Sciences 455 Vivek Dhareshwar 46 Cosmological Deixis and Amerindian Perspectivism 461 Eduardo Viveiros de Castro Section 14 (Re)defining Objects of Inquiry 475 47 What Was Life? Answers from Three Limit Biologies 476 Stefan Helmreich 48 The Near and the Elsewhere 481 Marc Auge 49 Relativism 492 Bruno Latour Section 15 Subjects, Objects, and Affect 501 50 How to Read the Future: The Yield Curve, Affect, and Financial Prediction 502 Caitlin Zaloom 51 Signs Are Not the Garb of Meaning: On the Social Analysis of Material Things 508 Webb Keane 52 Affective Spaces, Melancholic Objects: Ruination and the Production of Anthropological Knowledge 514 Yael Navaro-Yashin Section 16 Imagining Methodologies and Meta-things 521 53 Beyond ?Culture?: Space, Identity, and the Politics of Difference 522 Akhil Gupta and James Ferguson 54 What is at Stake ? and is not ? in the Idea and Practice of Multi-sited Ethnography 531 George E. Marcus 55 Grassroots Globalization and the Research Imagination 535 Arjun Appadurai 56 The End of Anthropology, Again: On the Future of an In/Discipline 547 John Comaroff Section 17 Anthropologizing Ourselves 555 57 Participant Objectivation 556 Pierre Bourdieu 58 Anthropology of Anthropology? Further Reflections on Reflexivity 561 P. Steven Sangren 59 World Anthropologies: Cosmopolitics for a New Global Scenario in Anthropology 566 Gustavo Lins Ribeiro 60 Cultures of Expertise and the Management of Globalization: Toward the Re-functioning of Ethnography 571 Douglas R. Holmes and George E. Marcus Index 576
Henrietta L. Moore is the William Wyse Chair of Social Anthropology at the University of Cambridge. Her most recent book is Still Life: Hopes, Desires and Satisfactions (2011). Todd Sanders is Associate Professor of Anthropology at the University of Toronto, and has worked in Africa for two decades. His books include Those Who Play with Fire: Gender, Fertility and Transformation in East and Southern Africa (2004) and Beyond Bodies: Rainmaking and Sense Making in Tanzania (2008).
?This volume has few precedents and no rival. It is of singular breadth. The editors are at once discriminating and judicious in their selections: no playing favorites here. Their introductory essays are masterful--accessible enough that the uninitiated can engage them but also so well informed and argued that even the professional can learn from them. It offers a record of anthropological theory past and present and manages to point as well to possible theoretical futures. By illustration and by design, it offers an answer to the question that is as common as it is distressing: ?Just what is anthropology, anyway?? It?s an indispensable pedagogical resource." - James D. Faubion, Professor of Anthropology, Rice University, USA ?A thoughtfully selected, persuasively organized and refreshingly original collection that illuminates the generative assumptions, debates and practices from which anthropological knowledge has been and continues to be produced.? ? Mary Hancock, University of California, Santa Barbara, USA