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Anti-Bribery Risk Assessment
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Table of Contents

The book and the CD-ROM cover 153 countries worldwide focussing on the following nine questions: 1. What is the ceiling beyond which advantages granted to public officials in the context of contractual negotiations become impermissible? What is commonly considered to be a socially acceptable and legally unproblematic advantage? 2. Who qualifies as a public official? Are government-controlled enterprises also included? 3. Does culpability arise only in cases in which a public official breaches his official duties, or can there be culpability also in cases in which a public official obtains any advantage in connection with a permissible official act? 4. What is the ceiling beyond which advantages granted to private sector business associates in the context of contractual negotiations become impermissible? What is commonly considered to be a socially acceptable and legally unproblematic advantage? 5. How can differences between the answers to Question 1 and 4 (benefits obtained by public officials/private sector business associates) be summarized? 6. Many advantages be granted to a potential (in the absence of contractual negotiations) public or private sector business associate? (So-called "priming the pump"). 7. Do corruption regulations apply solely to domestic businesses or also to foreign business entities? 8. Can legal entities be liable for prosecution? If not, what other possible sanctions might be imposed in a business (forfeiture/monetary fine/confiscation of profits/barring of contract awards)? 9. Can officials of a business also be held personally liable for criminal penalties or monetary fines?

About the Author

Dr Thomas Gruetzner practises law with Baker & McKenzie in Munich. Dr Ulf Hommel works as in-house counsel and Dr Klaus Moosmayer as Chief Counsel, Compliance, both with Siemens, Munich. The authors are well-known experts in the field of compliance in the countries covered in this work.

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