1. Doing Science: Where do questions come from?1.1 Science as asking questions1.2 Basic considerations1.3 The skill of asking questions1.4 Where do questions come from?1.5 What this book is about2. Asking Questions: The art of framing hypotheses and predictions2.1 Observation2.2 Exploratory analysis2.3 Forming hypotheses2.4 Summary3. Answering Questions: What do the results say?3.1 Confirmatory analysis3.2 What is statistical significance3.3 Significance tests3.4 Testing hypotheses3.5 Testing predictions3.6 Refining hypotheses3.7 Summary4. Presenting Information: How to communicate outcomes and conclusions4.1 Presenting figures and tables4.2 Presenting results in the text4.3 Writing reports4.4 SummaryTest finder and help guideSome self-test questionsAppendix I: Table of confidence limits to the medianAppendix II: How to calculate some simple significance testsAppendix III: Significance tablesAnswers to self-test questionsIndexQuick test finders
The complete guide to practical work in the biological sciences: from conception of the investigation, through data collection, data analysis and finally presentation.