PREFACE ix ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS xiii SPONSORS xv CHAPTER ABSTRACTS xvii CHAPTER 1 Introduction 1 Paul Teicholz Management Summary 1 Problems with Current FM Practice 2 How BIM FM Integration Can Address Current Problems 5 Needs for Graphics and Data Varies over the Life Cycle 6 Need for Interoperability between Systems 8 Owner Benefits of BIM FM Integration 10 Streamlines Handover and More Effective Use of Data 10 Benefits during the Life of the Building 11 Integrated System Can Be Used to Plan Enhancements to Building 13 Calculating ROI in BIM FM Integration 13 CHAPTER 2 BIM Technology for FM 17 Louise Sabol Building Information Modeling (BIM) 17 BIM for Facility Management (FM) 20 Standards and Data Exchange 27 Challenges of BIM for FM 29 FM BIM in Practice: Healthcare BIM Consortium?s Initiatives 32 Emerging Technologies and BIM 36 Cloud Computing 36 Mobile Computing for FM 37 Mobile and RFID Technologies 39 Mobile and Cloud Technologies 39 Augmented Reality 40 Sensor Data 41 BIM Component Data 42 Standards 43 References 45 CHAPTER 3 Owner BIM for FM Guidelines 47 Paul Teicholz Introduction 47 GSA Guidelines 49 BIM and FM?Overall Vision and Objectives for Using BIM for Facility Management 50 Tier 1 51 Tier 2 52 Tier 3 52 Implementation Guidance to GSA Associates and Consultants 53 Modeling Requirements?a Record BIM 56 High-Level Modeling Requirements 57 BIM Authoring Applications 57 BIM Model Structure 57 Asset Identification Number 58 Design, Construction, and Record BIMs 58 Required BIM Objects and Properties 59 National Equipment Standard 59 Organization of Record BIMs 60 Modeling Precision 60 Consistent Units and Origin 60 Prior to Submittal of Record BIMs 60 Maintaining and Updating As-Built BIMs 61 COBie Submittals 61 Minimum COBie Requirements 62 Creating COBie Deliverables 62 Technology Requirements 63 Central Repository of Facility Information 63 Infrastructure 63 Security 63 Functionality 63 The Vision: Technology Overview 64 Technology Challenges 64 Multi-User Update 64 Management of Updates 65 Multi-User Access and Viewing 65 Vendor-Neutral Options 66 Multiple Paths for Data Transfers 66 Emerging Technology: Model Servers 66 Pilot Projects for BIM and FM Using GSA Guidelines 68 Peter W. Rodino Federal Building Modernization 69 Bishop Henry Whipple Federal Building 73 Camden Annex Lifecycle and NASA Projects 77 Other BIM Guidelines 81 BIM Planning Guide for Facility Owners 81 National BIM Standard?United States? Version 2 81 Wisconsin BIM Guidelines and Standards for Architects and Engineers, v2 82 LACCD BIM Standards, v3 83 CHAPTER 4 Legal Issues When Considering BIM for Facilities Management 85 Kymberli A. Aguilar and Howard W. Ashcraft Introduction 85 How Will the Model(s) Be Used? 87 Ask and You Shall Receive 87 What Is the Model?s Contractual Status? 89 Ownership of the Model 91 Owner Owns Modeling Information 91 Designer Owns Modeling Information 92 All Parties Own Whatever They Create 92 Who Owns the Intellectual Property? 92 Who Owns the Design? 92 Who Owns the Copyright? 93 Standards and Interoperability 94 Will Using BIM Increase Liability to Other Parties? 96 Will Designers Have an Increased Risk? 96 Will Contractors Have Increased Liability for Defects in the Plans and Specifications? 97 How Does an Integrated Project Delivery (IPD) Environment Affect Liabilities Related to Reliance on BIM? 99 Does Insurance Cover BIM-Related Work? 101 Conclusion 102 Sample BIM Specification 102 References 106 CHAPTER 5 Using COBie 107 Bill East Executive Summary 107 Why COBie? 107 How Was COBie Designed? 109 Managed Asset Inventory 110 Operations and Maintenance Requirements 111 Technological Constraints 112 Contracting Constraints 113 Process Constraints 114 What Is Included in COBie? 115 In What Formats Is COBie Delivered? 120 How Is the Spreadsheet Format Organized? 121 Common Worksheet Conventions 122 COBie Worksheet Descriptions 125 How Is COBie Delivered? 131 As-Planned 131 As-Designed 132 As-Constructed 133 As-Occupied 134 As-Built 135 As-Maintained 135 Software Supporting COBie 136 Internal Software Testing 137 Legal Implications of COBie 137 How to Implement COBie 138 Conclusions 140 Future Developments 141 References 142 CHAPTER 6 Case Studies 145 Introduction 145 Case Study 1: MathWorks 147 Case Study 2: Texas A&M Health Science Center?A Case Study of BIM and COBie for Facility Management 164 Case Study 3: USC School of Cinematic Arts 185 Case Study 4: Implementation of BIM and FM at Xavier University 233 Case Study 5: State of Wisconsin Bureau of Facilities Management, Division of State Facilities, Department of Administration 250 Case Study 6: University of Chicago Administration Building Renovation 294 APPENDIX A LIST OF ACRONYMS 315 APPENDIX B SOFTWARE CROSS REFERENCES 321 INDEX 325 IFMA FOUNDATION 331
The International Facility Management Association (IFMA) is the world's largest and most widely recognized international association for professional facility managers, supporting more than 20,000 members in seventy-eight countries.