Preface by Henk Zeevat & Hans-Christian Schmitz.- 1. Perspectives on Bayesian Natural Language Semantics and Pragmatics by Henk Zeevat.- 2. Causal Bayesian Networks, Signalling Games and Implicature of `More than n' by Anton Benz.- 3. Measurement-Theoretic Foundations of Logic for Better Questions and Answers by Satoru Suzuki.- 4. Conditionals, Conditional Probabilities, and Conditionalization by Stefan Kaufmann.- 5. On the Probabilistic Notion of Causality: Models and Metalanguages by Christian Wurm.- 6. Shannon vs. Chomsky: Brain Potentials and the Syntax-Semantics Distinction by Mathias Winther Madsen.- 7. Orthogonality and Presuppositions. A Bayesian Perspective by Jacques Jayez.- 8. Layered Meanings and Bayesian Argumentation: The Case of Exclusives by Gregoire Winterstein.- 9. Variations on a Bayesian Theme: Comparing Bayesian Models of Referential Reasoning by Ciyang Qing and Michael Franke.- 10. Towards a Probabilistic Semantics for Vague Adjectives by Peter Sutton.