Preface. To the Student. Part 1: THE ORGANIZATION OF LIFE. 1. A View of Life. 2. Atoms and Molecules: The Chemical Basis of Life. 3. The Chemistry of Life: Organic Compounds. 4. Organization of the Cell. 5. Biological Membranes. 6. Cell Communication. Part 2: ENERGY TRANSFER THROUGH LIVING SYSTEMS. 7. Energy and Metabolism. 8. How Cells Make ATP: Energy-Releasing Pathways. 9. Photosynthesis: Capturing Light Energy. Part 3: THE CONTINUITY OF LIFE: GENETICS. 10. Chromosomes, Mitosis, and Meiosis. 11. The Basic Principles of Heredity. 12. DNA: The Carrier of Genetic Information. 13. Gene Expression. 14. Gene Regulation. 15. DNA Technology and Genomics. 16. Human Genetics and the Human Genome. 17. Developmental Genetics. Part 4: THE CONTINUITY OF LIFE: EVOLUTION. 18. Introduction to Darwinian Evolution. 19. Evolutionary Change in Populations. 20. Speciation and Macroevolution. 21. The Origin and Evolutionary History of Life. 22. The Evolution of Primates. Part 5: THE DIVERSITY OF LIFE. 23. Understanding Diversity: Systematics. 24. Viruses and Subviral Agents. 25. Bacteria and Archaea. 26. Protists. 27. Seedless Plants. 28. Seed Plants. 29. The Fungi. 30. An Introduction to Animal Diversity. 31. Sponges, Cnidarians, Ctenophores, and Protostomes. 32. The Deuterostomes. Part 6: STRUCTURE AND LIFE PROCESSES IN PLANTS. 33. Plant Structure, Growth, and Development. 34. Leaf Structure and Function. 35. Stem Structure and Transport. 36. Roots and Mineral Nutrition. 37. Reproduction in Flowering Plants. 38. Plant Developmental Responses to External and Internal Signals. Part 7: STRUCTURE AND LIFE PROCESSES IN ANIMALS. 39. Animal Structure and Function: An Introduction. 40. Protection, Support, and Movement. 41. Neural Signaling. 42. Neural Regulation. 43. Sensory Systems. 44. Internal Transport. 45. The Immune System: Internal Defense. 46. Gas Exchange. 47. Processing Food and Nutrition. 48. Osmoregulation and Disposal of Metabolic Wastes. 49. Endocrine Regulation. 50. Reproduction. 51. Animal Development. 52. Animal Behavior. Part 8: THE INTERACTIONS OF LIFE: ECOLOGY. 53. Introduction to Ecology: Population Ecology. 54. Community Ecology. 55. Ecosystems and the Biosphere. 56. Ecology and the Geography of Life. 57. Biological Diversity and Conservation Biology. Appendix A: Periodic Table of the Elements. Appendix B: Classification of Organisms. Appendix C: Understanding Biological Terms. Appendix D: Abbreviations. Appendix E: Answers to Test Your Understanding, Checkpoint, Key Point, and Key Experiment Questions. Glossary. Index.
Dr. Martin is an Emeritus Professor of Cell Biology and Neuroscience at Rutgers University. He received his Ph.D. in Genetics from Florida State University and engaged in postdoctoral research in genetics and membrane biology at the University of Texas at Austin. He has taught General Biology, as well as undergraduate and graduate level courses in Genetics and Molecular Cell Biology, throughout his career at Rutgers. An award-winning teacher for more than 30 years, in 2011 Dr. Martin was named Professor of the Year by the Molecular Biosciences Graduate Student Association. His research on gene regulation of membrane protein enzyme systems in yeast and other fungi illustrates the interdisciplinary nature of the life sciences, and has been published in high-ranking journals and presented in invited lectures at national and international scientific meetings. He has served as an editorial board member of the Journal of Biological Chemistry and as the Chair of the Gordon Research Conference on the Molecular Cell Biology of Lipids. He has also served as a consultant for numerous biotechnology projects and holds patents in the area of genetic engineering. He has been an active member of the American Society of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, the American Society for Cell Biology, and the Genetics Society of America. He continues to be committed to teaching and is grateful for the opportunities to pursue a teaching and research career in what continues to be the most exciting era of the biological sciences. Dr. Martin is Professor Emeritus and former Director of General Biology, Division of Life Sciences, Rutgers University. Dr. Martin received an M.S. at Florida State University, where she studied the chromosomes of related plant species to understand their evolutionary relationships. She earned a Ph.D. at the University of Texas at Austin, where she studied the genetics of the fruit fly, Drosophila melanogaster, and then conducted postdoctoral research at Princeton University. Dr. Martin has taught General Biology and other courses at Rutgers for over 30 years and has been involved in writing textbooks since 1988. She is immensely grateful that her decision to study biology in college has led to a career that allows her many ways to share her excitement about all aspects of biology. Dr. Solomon has written several leading college-level textbooks in biology and in human anatomy and physiology. Her books have been translated into more than 10 languages. Dr. Solomon earned an M.S. from the University of Florida and an M.A. and Ph.D. from the University of South Florida. Dr. Solomon taught biology and nursing students for more than 20 years. In addition to being a biologist and science author, Dr. Solomon is a bio-psychologist with a special interest in the neuro-physiology of traumatic experience. Her research has focused on the neurological, endocrine, and psychological effects of trauma, including Post-traumatic Stress Disorder and development of maladaptive coping strategies. Dr. Solomon has presented her research at many national and international conferences, and her work has been published in leading professional journals. Dr. Solomon has been profiled more than 30 times in leading publications, including Who's Who in America, Who's Who in Science and Engineering, Who's Who in Medicine and Healthcare, Who's Who in American Education, Who's Who of American Women, and Who's Who in the World. Dr. Berg is an award-winning teacher and textbook author. She received a B.S. in science education, an M.S. in botany, and a Ph.D. in plant physiology from the University of Maryland. Her research focused on the evolutionary implications of steroid biosynthetic pathways in various organisms. Dr. Berg taught at the University of Maryland at College Park for 17 years and at St. Petersburg College in Florida for 8 years. During her career, she taught introductory courses in biology, botany, and environmental science to thousands of students. At the University of Maryland, she received numerous teaching and service awards. Dr. Berg is also the recipient of many national and regional awards, including the National Science Teachers Association Award for Innovations in College Science Teaching, the Nation's Capital Area Disabled Student Services Award, and the Washington Academy of Sciences Award in University Science Teaching. During her career as a professional science writer, Dr. Berg has authored or co-authored several leading college science textbooks. Her writing reflects her teaching style and love of science.