Caracas 1923. Carlos Cruz-Diez graduated from the School of Fine and Applied Arts in Caracas. From 1946 until 1951 he worked in graphic design. During 1955 and 1956 he travelled through Paris and Barcelona to continue his investigations on colour. Returning to Caracas, he created his own design studio. In 1958 he was in charge of design classes in the Cristobal Rojas School of Fine Arts. In 1959 he created his first Physicromie and returned to Paris, where he has been based since then. There Cruz-Diez integrated in the group Nouvelle Tendence, name, thus giving the title for an exhibition realized the same year in Zagreb, Yugoslavia, and where Cruz-Diez also participated with his Physicromie.