Introduction to circulating fluidized beds. Hydrodynamics of circulating fluidized beds. Gas mixing. Solids motion and mixing. Hydrodynamic modelling. Cyclones and separation devices. Standpipes and return systems. Heat transfer. Instrumentation. CFB combustion performance. Design considerations for CFB boilers. Other gas-solid reactions. Catalytic cracking. Design and scale-up of CFB catalytic reactors. Reactor modelling. Novel configurations and variants. Future prospects. References. Index.
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