Preface; Chapter 1: Drawing Instruments; 1.1 Introduction; 1.2 List of Draughting Tools; 1.3 Drawing Board; 1.4 Mini-Draughter; 1.5 Small Instrument Box; 1.6 Set Squares; 1.7 Set of Scales; 1.8 Protractor; 1.9 French Curves; 1.10 Drawing Sheets; 1.11 Drawing Pencils; 1.12 Paper Fasteners; 1.13 Sand Paper Pad; 1.14; Eraser; 1.15 Duster; Exercises; Objective Questions; Answers; Chapter 2: Lines, Lettering and Layout of Sheet; 2.1 Introduction; 2.2 Lines; 2.3 Lettering; 2.4 Single Stroke Letters; 2.5 Gothic Letters; 2.6 General Proportions of Letters; 2.7 Drawing Sheet Layout; 2.8 Title Block; Exercises; Objective Questions; Answers; Chapter 3: Principles of Dimensioning; 3.1 Introduction; 3.2 Types of Dimensions; 3.3 Elements of Dimensioning; 3.4 Execution of Dimensions; 3.5 Placing of Dimensions; 3.6 Methods of Dimensioning; 3.7 Principles of Dimensioning; Exercises; Objective Questions; Answers; Chapter 4: Sections and Conventions; 4.1 Introduction; 4.2 Cutting Plane or Sectional Plane; 4.3 Section Lines or Hatching Lines; 4.4 Types of Section; 4.5 Conventions for Various Materials; 4.6 Conventional Breaks; 4.7 Conventional Representation of Common Features; Exercises; Objective Questions; Answers; Chapter 5: Geometrical Constructions; 5.1 Introduction; 5.2 Bisection of a Straight Line; 5.3 Dividing a Line Into Equal Parts; 5.4 Draw a Line Parallel to a Given Straight Line; 5.5 Bisect an Angle; 5.6 Find the Centre of an Arc; 5.7 Constructing an Equilateral Triangle; 5.8 Construct Squares; 5.9 Construct a Regular Polygons; 5.10 To Draw Tangents; 5.11 Inscribed Circles; Exercises; Objective Questions; Answers; Chapter 6: Scales; 6.1 Introduction; 6.2 Representative Fraction or Scale Factor; 6.3 Scales on Drawings; 6.4 Types of Scales; 6.5 Plain Scales; 6.6 Diagonal Scales; Exercises; Objective Questions; Answers; Chapter 7: Orthographic Projections; 7.1 Introduction; 7.2 Methods of Projections; 7.2.1 Perspective Projection; 7.2.2 Parallel Projection; 7.3 Planes of Projection; 7.4 Four Quadrants; 7.5 First-Angle Projection; 7.6 Third-Angle Projection; 7.7 Symbols Used for First-Angle Projection and Third-Angle Projection Methods; Exercises; Objective Questions; Answers; Chapter 8 Projections of Points: 8.1 Introduction; 8.2 Projection of a Point Lying in the First Quadrant; 8.3 Projection of a Point Lying in the Second Quadrant; 8.4 Projection of a Point Lying in the Third Quadrant; 8.5 Projection of Point Lying in the Fourth Quadrant; 8.6 Special Cases; 8.7 A Point is Situated in the Three Planes of Projection; Exercises; Objective Questions; Answers; Chapter 9: Projections of Lines; 9.1 Introduction; 9.2 Position of a Straight Line; 9.3 Line Parallel to Both HP and VP; 9.4 Line Inclined to One Plane and Parallel to the Other; 9.5 Line Perpendicular to One of the Planes; 9.6 Line Contained by One or Both of the Principal Planes; 9.7 Line Inclined to Both HP And VP; 9.8 Line Contained by a Profile Plane (PP) or Line Contained by a Plane, Perpendicular to Both HP and VP; 9.9 Traces of a Line; Exercises; Objective Questions; Answers; Chapter 10: Projections of Planes; 10.1 Introduction; 10.2 Types of Planes; 10.3 Traces of Planes; 10.4 A Secondary Plane in Different Positions with Respect to the Principal Planes; 10.5 Projections of Plane Parallel to One of the Principal Planes; 10.6 Projections of Plane Perpendicular to Both HP and VP; 10.7 Projections of Plane Inclined to One of the Principal Planes and Perpendicular to the other Plane; 10.8 Projections of Plane Inclined to Both the Principal Planes; Exercises; Objective Questions; Answers; Chapter 11: Auxiliary Projections; 11.1 Introduction; 11.2 Types of Auxiliary Planes and Views; 11.3 Projections of Points; 11.4 Projections of Straight Lines; 11.5 Projections of Planes; 11.6 Shortest Distance between two Skew Lines; Additional Problems; Exercises; Objective Questions
This textbook introduces the basic concepts of engineering drawing and graphics, supplemented with numerous solved examples and exercises.
Dr Lakhwinder Pal Singh is an associate professor in the department of industrial and production engineering at Dr. B. R. Ambedkar National Institute of Technology, Jalandhar. He has taught courses on engineering drawing, supply chain management, work study and ergonomics. His area of interest includes human factors engineering, production and operations management, lean manufacturing, occupational health and safety, and supply chain management. Dr Harwinder Singh is a professor in the department of mechanical engineering at Guru Nanak Dev Engineering College, Ludhiana. His area of interest includes optimization of production systems and human factors engineering. He has taught courses including engineering drawing and computer graphics, quantitative methods and operations research at undergraduate and graduate levels.