Acknowledgments ix Chronology xi Abbreviations and Conventions xiii Introduction: Problems, Methods, Concepts 1 Chapter One: Setting the Stage Intra-elite Conflict and the Early Greek Polis 15 Continuity and Change: Social Diversity in Dark Age Greece 17 The Eighth Century and the Rise of the Polis 18 Conclusion 28 Chapter Two: The Politics of Exile and the Crisis of the Archaic Polis Four Case Studies: Mytilene, Megara, Samos, and Corinth 30 Archaic Poetry and History: A Methodological Introduction 32 Mytilene 36 Megara 48 Samos 59 Corinth 69 Conclusion 77 Chapter Three: From Exile to Ostracism The Origins of Democracy in Athens, circa 636-508/7 79 The Politics of Exile in Archaic Athens: Cylon, Draco, and the Trial of the Alcmeonidae 80 The Beginnings of Change: Solon 90 A New Type of Politics: Pisistratus and Sons 101 An End to the Politics of Exile: Cleisthenes and the Democratic Revolution 133 Conclusion 142 Chapter Four: Ostracism and Exile in Democratic Athens 144 The Procedure of Ostracism 146 Ostracism as a Symbolic Institution 149 Ostracisms in Fifth-Century Athens 165 Other Forms of Exile under the Athenian Democracy 178 Exile and the Oligarchic Revolutions of 411 and 404 181 Conclusion 204 Chapter Five: Exile and Empire Expulsion in Inter-State Politics 205 Athenian Control and Limitation of Exile: The Erythrae Decree 207 Further Regulation of Exile: The Chalcis Decree 210 A Judicial Decree? 223 Thucydides, Isocrates, and the Legitimacy of Athenian Power 226 Exile and the Tyrant City: A Critique of Athenian Power 232 Exile and the Mythical Past: The Defense of Athenian Power 234 Conclusion 239 Chapter Six: Exile in the Greek Mythical and Historical Imagination 240 Myth, History, and Social Memory: Approaching the Greek Historical Imagination 242 Exile in the Democratic Tradition 244 Exile in the Anti-Democratic Tradition 267 Conclusion 276 Conclusion 278 Appendix One: The Date of the Athenian Law of Ostracism 281 Appendix Two: Ostracism outside Athens 285 Appendix Three: Exile in Spartan Myth and History 289 Bibliography 301 Index Locorum 327 General Index 334
A remarkably exciting and intellectually formidable piece of work. -- Paul Cartledge, Cambridge University Forsdyke offers innovative interpretations of complex historical problems, and illuminates a major and largely neglected topic in archaic Greek history. This is an excellent book, carefully researched and well-conceived. -- Ryan Balot, Washington University, St. Louis
Sara Forsdyke is Assistant Professor of Greek and Latin in the Department of Classical Studies at the University of Michigan.
"The style is clear and straightforward. Forsdyke repeats her main points; she makes good use of theories of poetry, anthropology, religion, and social science. This is an important work which upper-level undergraduates, graduate students, and historians will profitably use. It demands much of its reader; it will open eyes and challenge assumptions."--Daniel B. Levine, Classical Outlook