Acknowledgments ix About the Author xi 1. Introduction: Direct Education for Adult Learning Groups 1 Part I The Learning Group and the Individual 2. The Role of the Individual and the Group in Direct Education 13 3. Harnessing the Power of Intention 20 4. Strengthening the Container: Subgroups Join the Mix 31 5. The Secret Life of Groups 42 Part II Diversity, Difference, and Emotions in Group Learning 6. Acknowledging Difference to Accelerate Learning 55 7. Diversity and Conflict Styles 66 8. Social Class and Diversity 72 9. Authenticity, Emotion, and Learning 80 Part III Designing Learning Experiences 10. Structures for Organizing the Content 95 11. Building on What the Learners Know 109 12. Learning Difficult Material 117 13. Sequencing for Maximum Impact 126 14. Accountability in Direct Education 134 15. Emergent Design: Facilitating in the Here and Now 145 Part IV Facilitation 16. Setting the Tone and Building Safety 155 17. Edgy Interventions to Accelerate Learning 168 18. The Power of Framing 179 19. Sensitivity in Cross-Cultural Issues 189 20. The Drama of Transformational Work 211 21. Conclusion: Bringing It All Together 227 Resources Appendix A: The Sustainable Educator: Advocacy, Modesty, and Diversity of Gifts 241 Appendix B: The Sustainable Educator: Resilience and Revolution 248 Appendix C: For Further Reading 256 Appendix D: Tools and Resources for Direct Education 266 References 271 Index 279
George Lakey is visiting professor and research fellow for the Lang Center for Civic and Social Responsibility at Swarthmore College and cofounder of the nonprofit Training for Change. He is the author or coauthor of eight books including Grassroots and Nonprofit Leadership and A Manual for Direct Action.