Foreword Preface Chapter I The Beauty of Forest Penjing 1. Natural and Ecological Beauty 2. Poetic Beauty Chapter II Techniques of Forest Penjing Production 1. Types of Natural Forests 2. Material Selection for Forest Penjing 3. Forms of Forest Penjing 4. Tools and Instruments 5. Source Material Processing 6. Making Forest Penjing Chapter III Artistic Principals of Forest Penjing 1. Differentiating Between Primary and Secondary 2. Deciding on Orientation and Angle 3. Density Variation 4. Leaving Blank Space 5. Producing an Echoing Harmony 6. Creating Harmonious Competition 7. Tempering Hardness with Softness 8. Balancing Light and Heavy 9. Being Both Bold and Refined 10. Balancing Between Concealing and Revealing 11. Improving the Creators Comprehensive Quality Chapter IV Care and Maintenance of Forest Penjing 1. Placement 2. Watering 3. Fertilizing 4. Pruning 5. Shaping 6. Repotting 7. Pests and Diseases Chapter V Works of Forest Penjing 1. Sunlight Slanting Through a Thin Forest (Japanese Maple) 2. Spring Running Wild (Flowering Quince) 3. Autumn Colors (Japanese Maple) 4. Spring Blossoms and Autumn Fruits (Pomegranate) 5. Dancing Mountain Forest (Trident Maple) 6. Listening to Spring Water (Five-Needle Pine) Chapter VI Display of Forest Penjing 1. Outdoor Display 2. Indoor Display
Zhao Qingquan (1949-) is a master of the Chinese art of penjing, an International Bonsai Instructor at Bonsai Clubs International, and an International Consultant for the World Bonsai Friendship Federation. He pioneered a new form of penjing -- the water-and-land penjing. An internationally renowned master, Zhao has attended conferences and given lectures and demonstrations around the world. In 2001, his penjing Trident Maples was added to the collection of the National Bonsai and Penjing Museum of the US National Arboretum.