List of contributors CME credit for Fundamentals of HIV Medicine 2019 1 Epidemiology and the Spread of HIV Philip Bolduc, Benjamin Alfred, Babafemi Onabanjo 2 The Origin, Evolution, and Epidemiology of HIV-1 and HIV-2 Jeffrey T. Kirchner 3 Mechanisms of HIV Transmission Puja Nambiar and William R. Short 4 HIV Transmission Prevention Carolyn Chu and Christopher M. Bositis 5 Immunology Dennis J. Hartigan-O'Connor and Christian Brander 6 HIV Cure Strategies Boris Juelg and Rajesh Gandhi 7 HIV Testing and Counseling Alejandro Delgado and Hojoon You 8 Laboratory Testing Strategies Detection and Diagnosis Jessica A. Meisner and Kevin Alby 9 The Medical History and Physical Examination of the Patient with HIV Hans P. Schlecht and Daniel J. Skiest 10 Initial Laboratory Evaluation and Risk Stratification of the Patient with HIV Hans P. Schlecht and Daniel J. Skiest 11 Recognition of Acute and Advanced HIV Infection Hans P. Schlecht and Daniel J. Skiest 12 Health Maintenance Jonathan Appelbaum, Michelle K. Haas, Christopher Brendemuhl, Jason V. Baker, and Anthony C. Speights 13 Issues in Specific Patient Populations Gary F. Spinner, Joseph A. Church, Renata Arrington-Sanders, Aroonsiri Sangarlangkarn, Paul W. DenOuden, Madeline B. Deutsch, Daniel Wlodarczyk, Barry Zevin, Rachel A. Prosser, and Vishal Dahya 14 Complementary and Alternative Medicine/Integrative Medicine Approaches Kalpana D. Shere-Wolfe 15 HIV Care Coordination Sally Spencer Long ANP and Daniel J. Skiest 16 The Pharmacist's Role in Caring for HIV-Positive Individuals Jennifer Cocohoba 17 The Role of the Physician Assistant and the Nurse Practitioner in Caring for the Persons Living with HIV (PLWH) D. Trew Deckard 18 Hospice and Palliative Care in Advanced HIV Disease Paul W. DenOuden 19 HIV Virology Poonam Mathur and Bruce L. Gilliam 20 Principles of Applied Clinical Pharmacokinetics and Pharmacodynamics in Antiretroviral Therapy Neha Sheth Pandit and Emily L. Heil 21 Classes of Antiretrovirals David E. Koren 22 Initiation of Antiretroviral Therapy What to Start with Saira Ajmal and Zelalem Temesgen 23 HIV-1 Resistance to Antiretroviral Drugs Tamara Bininashvili, Quentin Doperalski, and Naiel Nassar 24 Managing the Patient with Multidrug-Resistant HIV Quentin Doperalski, Tamara Bininashvili, and Naiel Nassar 25 Future Antiretrovirals, Immune-Based Strategies, and Therapeutic Vaccines Niyati Jakharia, Adrian Majid, Bruce L. Gilliam, and Rohit Talwani 26 Solid Organ Transplantation in Persons Living with HIV Eurides Lopes and Jennifer Husson 27 Antiretroviral Therapy in Pregnant Women William R. Short and Jason J. Schafer 28 Antiretroviral Therapy for Children and Newborns Karin Nielsen-Saines 29 Immunosuppressants and Antiretroviral Therapy in HIV-Positive Transplant Patients Carolyn Kramer and Emily Blumberg 30 Understanding and Managing Antineoplastic and Antiretroviral Therapy Jason J. Schafer, Elizabeth M. Sherman, Taylor K. Gill, and Jatandra Birney 31 Substance Abuse in HIV Populations Elizabeth David, John P. Casas and Rakel Beall Wilkins 32 Understanding the Use of Antiretrovirals in the Aging Patient Brandon H. Samson and James D. Scott 33 Opportunistic Infections Lisa Armitige and Karen J. Vigil 34 Malignant Diseases in HIV Eva Clark and Elizabeth Chiao 35 Dermatologic Complications Kudakwashe Mutyambizi 36 Endocrine and Metabolic Disorders Rajagopal V. Sekhar 37 Non-Opportunistic Infections Respiratory Complications Karen J. Vigil 38 Psychiatric Illness and Treatment in HIV P opulations Elizabeth David and Rakel Beall Wilkins 39 Neurolocical Effects of HIV Infection Rodrigo Hasbun, Richard Dunham, Rituparna Das, Karen Nunez-Wallace, Lydia J. Sharp, Doris Kung, and Joseph S. Kass 40 HIV and Hepatitis Coinfection Ana Monczor, Margaret Hoffman-Terry, and Karen J. Vigil 41 Ocular Complications James P. Dunn 42 Cardiovascular Disease David A. Wohl and Jeffrey T. Kirchner 43 Renal Complications Steven Menez, Derek M. Fine, and Sana Waheed 44 Body Composition Changes, Frailty, and Musculoskeletal Complications of HIV Amanda L. Willig and Edgar T. Overton 45 Sexual Transmitted Diseases Karen J. Vigil 46 HIV and Bone Health Edgar Turner Overton 47 HIV-Associated Lipodystrophy and Lipoatrophy Rajagopal V. Sekhar 48 Immune Reconstitution Inflammatory Syndrome (IRIS) Dagan Coppock and William R. Short 49 US Health Care Systems, HIV Programs, and Coverage Policy Issues Anna Forbes, MSS and Bruce J. Packett, II 50 Legal Issues Jeffrey T. Schouten 51 Research Design and Analysis Christian B. Ramers 52 Ethical Conduct of Clinical Trials, Institutional Review Boards, Informed Consent, and Financial Conflicts of Interest Christian B. Ramers Index
About the Editor in Chief: W. David Hardy, MD, currently serves as Adjunct Professor of Medicine at Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine and lives in Washington, D.C. His previous professional experience includes serving as Senior Director of Research at Whitman-Walker Health in D.C. (2015-2018), Chief Medical Officer of Calimmune, a translational science company investigating gene-modified cellular therapies as a potential cure for HIV (2013-2015) and Director of the Division of Infectious Diseases at Cedars-Sinai Medical Center and Professor of Medicine at the David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA (2002-2013). Early in the AIDS epidemic, he completed a clinical fellowship in infectious diseases/immunology and clinical research at the UCLA School of Medicine under the direction of Dr Michael Gottlieb, the physician who recognized and reported the first cases of AIDS. Later he also completed a laboratory fellowship in molecular retrovirology with Irvin Chen, PhD at UCLA. Dr. Hardy has cared for persons with HIV infection since 1982 and conducted research on HIV and related diseases since 1984. Dr Hardy currently serves as Chair of the Board of Directors of the HIV Medicine Association (HIVMA) and Chair of the Education Committee of the American Academy of HIV Medicine (AAHIVM). He has worked with several community-based organizations, including AIDS Research Alliance, Alliance for Housing and Healing, Being Alive-Empowering People with HIV/AIDS, Project Angel Food and AIDS Project Los Angeles. About the American Academy of HIV Medicine (AAHIVM): The American Academy of HIV Medicine is a professional organization that supports the HIV practitioners and promotes accessible, quality care for all Americans living with HIV disease. The AAHIVM membership of HIV practitioners and credentialed providers give direct care to the majority of HIV patients in the US. The Academy's HIV-focused professional certifications are the first and only credentials offered domestically and internationally to physicians, nurse practitioners, physician assistants and pharmacists specializing in advanced level HIV care. The HIV Specialist (AAHIVS) credential is available to practicing frontline clinical providers, while the HIV Expert (AAHIVE) designation can be earned by non-practicing clinicians. The HIV Pharmacist (AAHIVP) certification is available to eligible HIV-specialized pharmacists.