PART I: INTRODUCTION.- 1. The context.- Geoscience and educational research in outreach activities, Vincent C. H. Tong.- Perceptions of time matter: the importance of geoscience outreach, Samuel A. Bowring.- PART II: LINKING GEOSCIENCE RESEARCH AND OUTREACH.- 2. Field-based approaches.- Engaging Alaska Communities and Students in Cryospheric Research, Kenji Yoshikawa and Elena B. Sparrow.- The Salish Sea Expedition: Walking the Gangplank of Science Outreach, K. Westnedge and A. Dallimore.- Problem-based learning in the field setting, Lung Sang Chan and Loretta M. W. Ho.- 3. Online approaches.- From Local to Extreme Environments (FLEXE): Connecting students and scientists in online forums, William S. Carlsen, Liz Goehring and Steven C. Kerlin.- Communicating scientific research through the web and social media: Experience of the United Nations University with the Our World 2.0 web magazine, Brendan F.D. Barrett, Mark Notaras and Carol Smith.- Marine geosciences from a different perspective: "edutainment" video clips by pupils and scientists, J. Dengg, S. Soria-Dengg and S. Tiemann.- Small, subject-oriented educational resource gateways: what are their roles in geoscience education?.- Matteo Cattadori, Cristiana Bianchi, Maddalena Macario and Luca Masiello.- 4. Workshop and laboratory-based approaches, The European experience of educational seismology, A. Zollo, A. Bobbio, J.L. Berenguer, F. Courboulex, P. Denton, G. Festa, A. Sauron, S. Solarino, F. Haslinger and D. Giardini.- EARTHTIME: Teaching geochronology to high school students in the US, Britta Bookhagen, Noah McLean, Robert Buchwaldt, Matthew Rioux, Francis Dudas and Samuel Bowring.- Little meteorological workshop - an extracurricular school activity for pupils, Kornelija Spoler Canic and Dubravka Rasol.- Grasping deep time with scaled space in personal environs, Bo Holm Jacobsen.- PART III: ENHANCING THE LINK BETWEEN GEOSCIENCE RESEARCH AND OUTREACH.- 5. Programme design.- Integrating Geoscience Research in Primary and Secondary Education, Elena B. Sparrow, Leslie S. Gordon, Martha R. Kopplin, Rebecca Boger, Sheila Yule, Kim Morris, Krisanadej Jaroensutasinee, Mullica Jaroensutasinee and Kenji Yoshikawa.- Bridging scientific research and science education in high schools through authentic and simulated science experiences, Lucette Barber.- Using guided inquiry tools with online geosciences data from the Great Lakes, Sandra Rutherford.- 6. Promoting research-enhanced outreach.- Communicating Climate Science from a Data-Centered Perspective, Matt Rogers.- Geoscience Outreach Education with the Local Community, Jennifer Saltzman.- Using research to promote action in Earth science professional development for teachers, Chris King.