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Globalized Islam


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A schism has emerged between mainstream Islamist movements in the Muslim world (e.g. Hamas of Palestine and Hezbullah of Lebanon) and the uprooted militants who strive to establish an imaginary ummah, or Muslim community, not embedded in any particular society or territory. Roy provides a detailed comparison of these transnational movements, whether peaceful, like Tabligh Jamaat and the Islamic brotherhoods, or violent, like Al Qaeda. Neofundamentalism, he argues, is both a product and an agent of globalization.

Table of Contents

Preface1. Introduction: Islam: A Passage to the West The failure of political Islam: and what? Islam as a minority Acculturation and 'objectification' of Islam Recasting identities, westernising religiosity Where are the Muslim reformers? Crisis of authority and self-enunciation Religion as identity The triumph of the self Secularisation through religion? Is jihad closer to Marx than to the Koran? What is Bin Laden's stategy?2. Post-Islamism The failure of political Islam revisited From Islamism to nationalism States without nation, brothers and state The crisis of diasporas Islam is never a stretegic factor as such The political integratoin of Islamists From utopia to conservatism The elusive 'Muslim vote' Democracy without democrats The Iranian Islamic revolution: how politics defines religion Islamisation as a factor secularisation Conservative re-Islamisation Post-Islamism: the privatisation of religion3. Muslims in the West How to live as a sateless Muslim minority Historical paradigms of Muslims as a minority Acculturation and identity reconstruction4. The Triumph of hte Religios Self The loss of religious authority and the 'objectification' of Islam Immigration and reformulation of Islam The crisis of authority and religious knowledge The religious market and the sociology of Islamic actors Individualisation of enunciation and propaganda Faith and self Humanism, ethical Islam and salvation Enunciation of the self Recommunitarisation and construction of identity5. Islam in the West or the Westernisation of Islam The building of Muslim 'churches' Neo-brohterhoos and New Age religiosity6. The Modernity of an Archaic Way of Thinking: Neofundamentalism Sources and actors of neofundamentalism The basic tenets of neofundamentalism Neofundamentalists and Islamists Neofundamentalists and radical violence Why is neofundamentalism successful? The new frontier of the imagined ummah7. On the Path to War: Bin Laden and Others Al Qaeda and the new terrorists Deterritorialisation Re-islamisation in the West Uprooting and acculturation The peripheral jihad The Western-born or second-generation Muslims The converts and the 'protest conversion' The subcontractors The future of Al Qaeda8. Remapping the World: Civilisation, Religion and Strategy Culture, religion and civilisations: the conundrum of clash and dialogue The debate on values Military strategy on abstract territoriesIndex

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A characteristically informed and incisive analysis of the new transnational movements and globalized responses that have developed in that past twenty years or so in the Muslim world. In this work, as in his others, he draws upon a profound knowledge of individual Muslim groups and an acute understanding of the interaction between theology and politics... Roy is one of the most important analysts of political Islam today. -- James Piscatori, fellow, Oxford Centre for Islamic Studies and Wadham College, University of Oxford This book extends the argument of Roy's The Failure of Political Islam, both by taking into account the momentous impact of new jihad movements like Al Qaeda, as well as by looking closely at the development of immigrant groups in the West... Brilliant insights on almost every page. -- Faisal Devji, St. Antony's College, University of Oxford Olivier Roy [is] one of the two most distinguished contemporary commentators on the Muslim Middle East and Central Asia. From intensive early work on Afghanistan nearly three decades ago, he has expanded his scope to see the multiple linkages between ideas and political and religious movements throughout the region. He moves almost effortlessly between geopolitics and the politics of interrelated localities, asking new and probing questions in the process -- Dale F. Eickelman, Dartmouth College

About the Author

Olivier Roy is a professor at EHESS, the School of Advanced Studies in Social Sciences in Paris. Among his books are The Failure of Political Islam, The New Central Asia, and (with Mariam Abou Zahab) Islamist Networks: The Afghan-Pakistan Connection (Columbia, 2004).


"Olivier Roy is perhaps the most provocative and innovative writer on Islamism today... There is no more reliable guide to this labyrinth." -- Martin Kramer, Middle East Quarterly "His new book provides one of the best and most detailed snapshots of 'real existing Islam' currently available." -- Jonathan Steele, The Guardian "Nuanced discussion." -- Nader Hashemi, Globe and Mail "Roy cuts through the mystical veil of religion... Globalized Islam gets under the skin of today's quintessentially modern forms of Islam and points the debate in a new direction." -- Josie Appleton, Spiked Online "Superb and complex sociological study." -- Fawaz A. Gerces, Washington Post Book World "[Roy] suggest[s] that the important events in the world of Islam are taking place not in the regions we ordinarily think of as Islamic but in Europe." -- Noah Feldman, New York Times Book Review "A very well-informed tour of the complexities of contemporary Islam." -- Future Survey "Oliver Roy's writings are always worth reading, and Globalized Islam is no exception." -- Middle East Journal "This book is a wonderful exploration of ideas on the future of Islamic radicalism." -- LCDR Aboul-Enein, Strategic Insight "Always ahead of his time." -- Reuel Marc Gerecht, Weekly Standard "Roy is enormously knowledgeable and well aware of the problems faced by young Muslims." -- Lawrence Rosen, London Review of Books "Roy's sociological theories cast a refreshing light on Islam's role as a minority religion in the West." -- American Journal of Islamic Social Sciences "An essential key to understanding not evident in similar-sounding discussions." -- Midwest Book Review: California Bookwatch "This is an important book, one that must be read... [and] will serve as a useful referent for some time." -- Sanford Silverburg, Digest of Middle East Studies "One of the Journal of Counterterrorism & Homeland Security International's 25 Top Books for Today's Bookshelf on Terrorism." "The most comprehensive and rigorous study of the subject to date." -- John Gray, Harper's

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