List of Maps Preface Acknowledgments PART ONE FOUNDATIONS Chapter 1 Medieval Legacies and Transforming Discoveries Medieval Continuities The Emergence of Early Modern Europe Transforming Discoveries Conclusion Chapter 2 The Renaissance The City-States of the Italian Peninsula A Dynamic Culture Renaissance Art The End of the Renaissance Chapter 3 The Two Reformations The Northern Renaissance The Roots of the Reformation Social Background of the Reformation in the German States The Spread of the Reformation The Reformation in Switzerland and France The English Reformation The Catholic Reformation Culture during the Two Reformations The Legacy of the Two Reformations Chapter 4 The Wars of Religion The Wars of Religion in Sixteenth-Century France The Thirty Years? War (1618?1648) PART TWO STATEMAKING Chapter 5 The Rise of the Atlantic Economy: Spain and England Economic Expansion The Rise of Spain The Rise of England The Decline of Spain Conclusion Chapter 6 England and the Dutch Republic in the Seventeenth Century Conflicts in Stuart England Religious Divisions The English Civil War The Glorious Revolution The Golden Age of the Dutch Republic The Decline of the Dutch Republic Conclusion Chapter 7 The Age of Absolutism, 1650?1720 Theories of Absolutism Characterizing Absolute Rule The Balance of Power The Habsburg Monarchy The Rise of Prussia The Russian and Swedish Empires The Modern State PART THREE NEW CULTURAL AND POLITICAL HORIZON Chapter 8 The New Philosophy of Science Changing Views of the Universe Descartes and Newton: Competing Theories of Scientific Knowledge The Culture of Science Consequences of the Scientific Revolution Chapter 9 Enlightened Thought and the Republic of Letters Enlightened Ideas The Diffusion and Expansion of the Enlightenment Enlightened Absolutism Currents of the Late Enlightenment Legacy of the Enlightenment Chapter 10 Eighteenth-Century Economic and Social Change The Social Order The Beginnings of the Industrial Revolution Social Changes Social Control A Century of Contrasts Chapter 11 Eighteenth-Century Dynastic Rivalries and Politics 386 The Eighteenth-Century State System Conflicts between the Great Powers Political Change in Great Britain Challenges to Established Authority Declining Power, Disappearing State: The Ottoman Empire and Poland PART FOUR REVOLUTIONARY EUROPE, 1789?1850 Chapter 12 The French Revolution The Old Regime in Crisis The First Stages of the Revolution Consolidating the Revolution War and the Second Revolution The Final Stages of the Revolution Perspectives on the French Revolution Chapter 13 Napoleon and Europe Napoleon?s Rise to Power Consolidation of Power The Foundations of the French Empire The Tide Turns against Napoleon Monarchical Restoration and Napoleon?s Return Napoleon?s Legacy Further Readings Credits Index
John Merriman is the Charles Seymour Professor of History at Yale University. A specialist in nineteenth century French history, Merriman earned his Ph. D at the University of Michigan. He is the author of many books, including The Margins of City Life: Explorations on the French Urban Frontier, 1815-1851; Red City: Limoges and the French Nineteenth Century; The Agony of the Republic: The Repression of the Left in Revolutionary France, 1848-1851; and, most recently, The Stones of Balazuc: A French Village in Time (Norton, 2002). He regularly teaches the survey of modern European history at Yale.