PART I THE HUMAN RIGHTS ACT 1. Background and Interpretation 1. The Protection of Human Rights Prior to the Human Rights Act 2. Background to the Human Rights Act 3. Purpose of the Human Rights Act 4. Structure of the Human Rights Act 5. Convention Rights given Further Effect 6. Principles of Interpretation 7. UK Courts and the European Court of Human Rights 8. Other Aids to Interpretation 9. The Protection of Human Rights via the Common Law and EU Law 10. Reform of the Human Rights Act 2. The Benefit and Burden of the Human Rights Act 1. Introduction 2. The Benefit of Convention Rights: Victims 3. The Burden of Convention Rights: Public Authorities 4. Core Public Authorities 5. Hybrid Public Authorities 6. Private Bodies 3. The 'Acts' to which the Human Rights Act Applies 1. Introduction 2. Limitation Period 3. Retrospective Effect 4. Acts which Occur Outside of the United Kingdom: Extra-territorial Effect 5. Failure to Act: Positive Duties 6. Satellite Litigation 4. Determining Incompatibility 1. Introduction 2. Prescribed by Law 3. Necessary 4. Proportionality 5. Deference 6. Deference in Practice 5. The Defence of Primary Legislation 1. Introduction 2. Section 6(2) Human Rights Act 3. Section 3 Human Rights Act 4. Section 4 Human Rights Act 5. Subordinate (Secondary) Legislation 6. The Use of Hansard and Other Materials in Compatibility Cases 7. Section 19 Human Rights Act: Statements of Compatibility 6. Remedies 1. Introduction 2. Just and Appropriate 3. Effective 4. The Power to Award Damages 5. Court Must have the Power to Award Damages 6. Just Satisfaction 7. The Principles Applied by the European Court of Human Rights 8. The Level of Damages 9. Damages: Article 2 10. Damages: Article 3 11. Damages: Article 5 12. Damages: Article 6 13. Damages: Article 8 14. Damages: Article 14 PART II THE CONVENTION RIGHTS 7. Article 2: The Right to Life 1. Introduction 2. Scope 3. Definition of 'Life' 4. Intentional Deprivation of Life 5. The Positive Duty to Safeguard Life - Operational Duty 6. Positive Duty to Safeguard Life - Framework Duty 7. Duty to Investigate Deaths 8. Exceptions - Article 2(2) 8. Article 3: Prohibition of Torture and Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment 1. Introduction 2. Inhuman or Degrading Treatment - Severity 3. The Positive Duty to Protect from Article 3 Ill-Treatment - Operational Duty 4. Positive Duty to Protect from Article 3 Ill-Treatment - Framework Duty 5. Duty to Investigate Article 3 Ill-Treatment 6. Physical Integrity 7. Conditions of Detention and Treatment of Detainees 8. Violence and Threatening Behaviour 9. Sentencing 10. State Support 11. Removal, Deportation and Extradition 9. Article 5: The Right to Liberty and Security 1. Introduction 2. What Constitutes a Deprivation of Liberty? 3. Article 5(1) 4. Article 5(2): Reasons for Arrest 5. Article 5(3) 6. Article 5(4) 7. Article 5(5): Enforceable Right to Compensation 10. Article 6: The Right to a Fair Trial 1. Introduction 2. Removal, Deportation and Extradition 3. Article 6(1) Application: Determination of Civil Rights and Obligations 4. Article 6(1) Application: Determination of Any Criminal Charge 5. Access to Court 6. Fair Hearing 7. Public Hearing and Public Pronouncement 8. Reasonable Time 9. Independent and Impartial Tribunal 10. Tribunal Established by Law 11. Article 6(2): Presumption of Innocence 12. Article 6(3)(a): Informed of the Nature and Cause of the Accusation 13. Article 6(3)(b): Adequate Time and Facilities for Preparation of Defence 14. Article 6(3)(c): Legal Assistance 15. Article 6(3)(d): Witnesses 16. Article 6(3)(e): Interpreter 11. Article 8: The Right to Respect for Private Life 1. Introduction 2. Who Must Respect Private Life? The Development of Tort Law 3. Private Life 4. Positive Duties 5. Permitted Interferences 6. National Security 7. Economic Well-being of the Country 8. Prevention of Disorder or Crime 9. Protection of Health 10. Protection of Morals 11. Protection of the Rights and Freedoms of Others 12. Article 8: The Right to Respect for Family Life 1. Introduction 2. Family Life 3. Interference 4. Permitted Interferences 5. Economic Well-being of the Country 6. Prevention of Disorder or Crime 7. Protection of the Rights and Freedoms of Others 13. Article 8: The Right to Respect for Home 1. Introduction 2. Home 3. Interference 4. Positive Duties 5. Justifying an Interference with the Right to Respect for Home 6. For the Prevention of Disorder or Crime 7. Economic Well-being of the Country 8. Protection of the Rights and Freedoms of Others 14. Article 9: Freedom of Thought, Conscience and Religion 1. Introduction 2. The Right to Believe 3. The Right to Manifest 4. Interference with Manifestation of Belief 5. Permitted Interferences with the Right to Manifest 15. Article 10: The Right to Freedom of Expression 1. Introduction 2. Expression 3. Medium, Manner and Timing of Communication 4. Freedom to Receive and Impart Information and Ideas 5. Interference 6. Positive Duties 7. Permitted Interferences - Generally 8. Proportionality - General Principles 9. National Security 10. Prevention of Disorder or Crime 11. Protection of Health or Morals 12. Protection of the Reputation of Others 13. Protection of the Rights of Others 14. Preventing the Disclosure of Information Received in Confidence 15. Maintaining the Authority and Impartiality of the Judiciary 16. Article 14: Prohibition of Discrimination 1. Introduction 2. Application: No Independent Existence 3. Without Discrimination 4. Grounds of Prohibited Discrimination 5. Analogous Position - Comparators 6. Objective and Reasonable Justification 7. Remedy for Breach 8. Positive Duties 17. Article 1 of Protocol No 1: Protection of Property 1. Introduction 2. Possessions 3. Interferences with the Peaceful Enjoyment of Possessions 4. Justifying Interferences 5. Consumer Protection 6. Planning and the Environment 7. The Rights of Others - Article 1 of Protocol 1 8. Social Justice 9. Protection of Morals 10. Prevention of Crime and Illegality 11. Economic Well-being of the Country 12. Reduction of the National Budget Deficit
The new edition of this textbook has been fully updated to include the most recent case law and provides a thorough analysis of the United Kingdom's Human Rights Act 1998.
Merris Amos is Professor of Human Rights Law at Queen Mary, University of London, UK.
This is an impressive piece of scholarship. It manages to be
comprehensive in its scope, analytically rigorous, yet accessible.
-- Dr Peter Coe * University of Reading *
Thorough, up-to-date analysis of everything to do with the HRA. Very interesting background information, before going into details about each of the HRA provisions. Non-technical, accessible language. Good structure. -- Dr Nataly Papadopoulou * University of Leicester *
Covers a wide range of topics, enabling students to engage fully and critically with the subject. -- Dr Michelle Weldon-Johns * Abertay University *
A very valuable and up-to-date addition to existing work in this area. -- Helen Fenwick * Durham University *
This is an excellent volume. It deals with the context to, the contents of and the effects flowing from the Human Rights Act 1998 with respectable clarity. I think students will find it very useful and accessible. -- Dr Conor McCormick * Queen's University Belfast *
A very good (and accessible) examination of the law on the Human Rights Act, as well as an exploration of the Convention rights. -- Samuel White * University of the West of Scotland *
This is an excellent account of human rights in UK Law and under the ECHR and I recommend it to all students. -- Steve Foster * Coventry University *
[Human Rights Law] is well structured and informative... Amos has done well to compress the case law on the Act into 178 pages without omitting reference to all of the key cases...It should serve as a very useful book for students and practitioners alike. -- Robert Weir * New Law Journal (of the second edition) *
This is a solid textbook on domestic human rights law...a real boon to students and those approaching the field for the first time. -- Roger Smith, Director of Justice * New Law Journal (of the first edition) *
The first work in which the interpretation and application of the act, by courts in England and Wales, is comprehensively examined and analysed. -- A G Noorani * Economic and Political Weekly (of the first edition) *
The introductory chapter, providing background and dealing with interpretation, brings together a wide range of useful information ... and is a good starting point for the keen student ... The book is characterised by clarity of explanation combined with detailed treatment that manages to incorporate much more than one might expect from a book that addresses such wide-ranging issues. -- Peter Halstead * The Law Teacher (of the first edition) *