1. The Internal Assessment 1.1 Communication 1.2 Personal Engagement 1.3 Exploration 1.4 Analysis 1.5 Evaluation 2. Foundation 2.1 Experiments and Correlations 2.2 Referencing Sources 2.3 Standard International (SI) Units 2.4 The Normal Distribution, Replicates and Sampling 2.5 Abbreviations, Chemical Symbols, and Capital Letters 3. Data Tables 3.1 Introduction 3.2 Types of Data 3.3 Tabulating the Data 3.4 Uncertainties and Errors-Limitations of Measurements 3.5 Anomalous Results 3.6 Processing the Data 3.7 Significant Figures and Decimal Places 3.8 Range 3.9 Averages 3.10 Calculating a Rate 4. Graphical Presentation 4.1 Introduction 4.2 Types of Graph 4.3 Which One Do I Use 4.4 Types of Data 4.5 Graph Route Planner 4.6 Simple and Compound Line Graphs 4.7 Three Axes 4.8 Which Data Do I Plot? 4.9 General Rules for Plotting Graphs by Hand 4.10 General Rules for Graphs Using Excel 4.11 Plotting Graphs in Excel 4.12 Kite Diagrams 5. Analysing Data: Statistics and Diversity Index 5.1 Introduction 5.2 Significance Level, Probability, and the Critical Value 5.3 Two-Tailed and One-Tailed Tests 5.4 Stating Results of Statistical Tests 5.5 Standard Deviation and Variance 5.6 Checking for Normal Distribution 5.7 Calculating Variance and Standard Deviation with Excel 5.8 Standard Error 5.9 Confidence Level and Confidence Interval 5.10 Theory and Hypothesis 5.11 The Null Hypothesis (H0) and the Alternative Hypothesis (H1) 5.12 Choosing the Right Statistics 5.13 Diversity Index Appendix 1: Useful Shortcuts for Word Appendix 2: Tab Markers Appendix 3: Drawing a Curved Line on a Graph with Word Drawing Tool Appendix 4: A Practical Write-up Headings Template and Checklist Appendix 5: The Extended Essay 2018 Appendix 6: Microsoft Excel 2013 and 2016
Ashby Merson-Davies has been teaching IB Biology since 1978. He taught at Sevenoaks School, UK, for 37 years and has taught revision in many places around the world since 1990, helping hundreds of IB Biology students to reach their full potential. He wrote one of the very first OSC Publishing Study & Revision Guides and has steadily expanded and updated the series since 2002.