Acknowledgements Introduction 1. What is national identity? Identity National identity The dimensions of national identity Constructing national identity Challenges to a homogeneous national identity National identity and citizenship Finding new common enemies Media and education 2. National identity, devolution and secession The rise of modern Quebec nationalism Accommodating Quebec Canadian nation building: Trudeau's vision Failed attempt to recognize Quebec as a 'distinct society' within Canada Quebec nationalism: a recurrent phenomenon Canadians: For federation in spite of dissatisfaction with the government Spain: symmetric devolution Britain: asymmetric devolution Does devolution promote single or multiple identities? Does devolution foster separatism? 3. The impact of migration on national identity What is an ethnic group? Ethnicity and the nation state Immigration, citizenship and national identity Integration models: ghettoization, assimilation and multiculturalism The birth of Austrian national identity Austria's migrants: origin and numbers Migrants' contribution to the economy On Austria's internal diversity: autochthonous minorities and immigrants On Austria's special relationship with South Tyrol Migration: 'cultural enrichment' or 'cultural threat'? Immigrants as permanent 'outsiders': the FPO 4. On European identity The cultural frontiers of Europe On what divides Europeans On what unites Europeans Towards a European identity? On how Europeans regard the EU The EU: a 'non-emotional' identity Challenges to a EU identity 5. Rethinking American Identity The melting pot metaphor African-Americans: an unresolved question Native nationalism in the USA European-Americans: The new ethnicity What does it mean to be American? 6. Reactions to the end of 'pure' national identities Globalization as a transformation agent The new radical right and identity in Western Europe The Dream of a 'white Europe' Against immigrants For 'pure' national identities Against multiculturalism Ethnopluralism: a response to 'too much diversity' 7. National identity versus cosmopolitan identity Cosmopolitanism: a multi-level theory On global culture On cosmopolitan culture On cultural cosmopolitanism Cosmopolitanism: a Western theory On cosmopolitan identity 'National' versus 'cosmopolitan' identity Cosmopolitanism versus nationalism On cosmopolitan nationalism Conclusion Bibliography
Montserrat Guibernau isProfessor of Politics at Queen Mary, University of London.
"Guibernau paints a broad panorama of national identities and their political mobilization in North America and Western Europe and argues for a "cosmopolitan nationalism" that reconciles moral universalism with a sense of national belonging. The Identity of Nations is an important and thoughtful contribution to current debates on multiculturalism, the rise of the radical right and the relation between national, European and global identities." Rainer Baubock, European University Institute, Florence "Montserrat Guibernau brings together a vast experience of the study of nationalism and national identity. Since her original work on Nations without States, based upon her experience of her native Catalonia, she has gone on to study these topics in a variety of situations, especially in the United Kingdom and Canada. This book brings together her perceptive conclusions." John Rex, University of Warwick " The Identity of Nations is a trenchant analysis of the nature of national identity and contemporary challenges to its continued primacy by a scholar with impeccable credentials." Walker Connor, Middlebury College