An Introductory Course of Particle Physics

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**Scope of Particle Physics** What are
elementary particles?

Inventory of Elementary Fermions

Which Properties?

Fundamental Interactions

High Energy Physics

Relativity and Quantum Theory

Natural Units

Plan of the book

Vectors and Tensors on Spacetime

Velocity, Momentum and Energy

Covariance

Invariances and Conservation Laws

Kinematics of Decays

Kinematics of Scattering Processes

Group Theory

Examples and Classification

Generators

Representations

Lorentz Group

Poincare Group

Motivating quantum fields

Plane wave solutions

Lagrangian

Making Lorentz Invariants with Fields

Lagrangians for Free Fields

Noether Currents and Charges

Quantum Fields as Operators

States

Interactions

From Lagrangian to Feynman rules

Calculation of Decay Rates

Calculation of Cross-Sections

Differential Decay Rates and Cross-Sections

Feynman Diagrams Which Do Not Represent Physical Amplitudes

Interaction Vertex

Elastic Scattering at Second Order

Inelastic Scattering at Second Order

Scalar QED

Multi-Photon States

Higher Order Effects

Discrete Symmetries in Classical Electrodynamics

Parity Transformation of Fields

Charge Conjugation

Parity Properties of Particle States

Charge Conjugation Properties of Particle States

Multi-Photon States

Positronium

Parity Assignment of Different Particles

Signature of Parity Violation

Consequences of Charge Conjugation Symmetry

CP Symmetry

Time Reversal Transformation on Fields

CPT Transformation on Fields

CPT Theorem

Consequences of CPT Symmetry

Time Reversal Transformation on States

Signature of Time Reversal Violation

Isospin Symmetry

Pions

Isospin Relations

G-parity

Generalized Pauli Principle

Isospin and Quarks

Pion-Nucleon Interaction

Isospin breaking

Baryon Number

**Discovering Particles** Discoveries of Electron, Proton
and Neutron

New Particles in Cosmic Rays

Accelerators

Detectors

Hadronic Zoo

Detecting Short-Lived Particles

Discovering Leptons

Overview of Particle Physics Experiments

Hypercharge

SU(3)

Mesons from three flavors of quarks

Baryons from three flavors of quarks

U-spin and V -spin

SU(3) breaking and mass relations

Electromagnetic properties in SU(3)

Decays of hadrons

Summary of conservation laws

Color

Gauge fields

Self-interaction of gauge bosons

Fadeev-Popov ghosts

Interaction of gauge bosons with other particles

Running Parameters

QCD Lagrangian

Perturbative QCD

The 1/N expansion

Lattice Gauge Theory

Confinement

Asymptotic Properties of Color Gauge Fields

Deep Inelastic Scattering

Structure Functions and Charge Distribution

Scaling

Partons

Parton Distribution Functions

Parton Distribution and Cross-Section

Fragmentation

Scale Dependence of Parton Distribution

Quark Masses

Glueballs

Four-Fermion Interaction

Helicity and Chirality

Fierz Transformations

Elastic Neutrino-Electron Scattering

Inelastic Neutrino-Electron Scattering

Muon and Tau Decay

Parity Violation

Problems with Fermi Theory

Intermediate Vector Bosons

Examples of Spontaneous Symmetry Breaking

Goldstone Theorem

Interaction of Goldstone Bosons

Higgs Mechanism

Leptons and the Gauge Group

Symmetry Breaking

Gauge Interaction of Fermions

Yukawa Sector

Connection with Fermi Theory

Forward-Backward Asymmetry

Gauge Interaction of Quarks

CKM Matrix and Its Parametrization

Yukawa Interaction of quarks

Leptonic decays of Mesons

Spin and Parity of Hadronic Currents

Selection Rules for Charged Currents

Semileptonic Decays of Mesons

Neutral Kaons

Processes Involving Baryons

Approximate symmetries

Chiral symmetries

Anomalies

Decay of Gauge Bosons

Scattering of Gauge Bosons

Equivalence Theorem

Custodial Symmetry

Loop Corrections

Higgs Boson

Charm Quark and Charmed Hadrons

Bottom Quark

Neutral Meson-Antimeson Systems

Top Quark

Quark Masses

Heavy Quark Effective Theory

Kobayashi-Maskawa Theory of CP Violation

Rephasing Invariant Formulation

CP-Violating Decays of Kaons

Other Signals of CP Violation

Unitarity Triangle

CP Violation and T Violation

Strong CP Problem

Neutrino Oscillation

Majorana Fermions

Consequences of Lepton Mixing

Lepton Number Violation

Models of Neutrino Mass

Left-Right Symmetric Model

Grand Unified Theories

Horizontal Symmetry

Supersymmetry

Higher Dimensional Theories

String Theory

A Units and Constants

B Short summary of particle properties

C Timeline of major advances in particle physics

D Properties of spacetime

E Clebsch-Gordan co-efficients

F Dirac matrices and spinors

G Evaluation of loop integrals

H Feynman rules for standard model

I Books and other reviews

J Answers to selected exercises

**Index**

"... a pedagogical, thorough, and enjoyable introduction to this
fascinating subject. ... a carefully written textbook on the
Standard Model in the post-LHC era, at the level of a
graduate-level course. ... Theorists and phenomenologists with an
interest in particle physics would also do well to acquire a copy.
... The biggest strength of this book is its pedagogical clarity.
... Apart from the pedagogical value for novices, the later
chapters of the book are interesting for active high-energy
physicists as well ... as a textbook, Palash Pal's tome on particle
physics is accessibly written for serious beginning students, and
is a great addition to the bookshelves of seasoned scientists
interested in the phenomenological foundations of the Standard
Model."

-*Current Science*, April 2015

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