Volume I: Introduction and Overview; Economic History: A Tale of Technological Diffusion in the Meiji Period; Country Girls and Communication among Competitors in the Japanese Cotton-Spinning Industry; Productivity Changes and Labor Absorption in Japanese Cotton Spinning, 1891-1935; Working Koreans in Korea and Japan in the Interwar Period; Rings and Mules Around the World: A Comparative Study in Technological Choice; New Evidence on the Stubborn English Mule and the Cotton Industry, 1878-1920; Stubborn Mules and Vertical Integration: The Disappearing Constraint?; Technology Choice and the Quality Dimension in the Japanese Textile Cotton Industry; Supply and Demand for Quality Workers in Cotton Spinning in Japan and India; Determinants of Technology Choice: The Indian and Japanese Cotton Industries; Mechanisms for Technology Transfer in Japanese Economic History; Structural Change and Japanese Economic History: Will the 21st Century Be Different?; How Japan First Began to Export Machine-Made Manufactures to East Asia; Volume II: Technology and Innovation: What's All This About 'Industrial Targeting' in Japan?; Biotechnology in Japan: Industrial Policy and Factor Market Distortions; Technological Progress and R&D Systems in Japan and the United States; Comparative Advantage, Trade, and Trade Policies: Services in the Japanese Economy; Comparative Advantage and Structural Adaptation; An Analytical Survey of Formal and Informal Barriers to International Trade and Investment in the United States, Canada, and Japan; What Does Japanese Trade Structure Tell Us About Japanese Trade Policy?; Do Japanese Firms Price Discriminate in North America?; A Short Summary of the Long History of Unfair Trade Allegations Against Japan; Macro-Financial Issues and Policies: Equity Markets, Political Markets and the Changing Framework of US-Japan Economic Relations; Prospective Japanese Economic Recovery: Perspectives from European Economic Recovery in the 1930s; and other papers.