James B. Apple is Associate Professor of Buddhist Studies at the University of Calgary. His research focuses upon the critical analysis of Mahayana sutras and topics within Indian and Tibetan Buddhist forms of Buddhism. His books include A Stairway taken by the Lucid: Tsong kha pa's Study of Noble Beings (Aditya Prakashan, 2013) and Stairway to Nirvana (SUNY, 2008).
"The great Bengali master Atisa, esteemed for his role in restoring the Dharma to Tibet in the eleventh century, has long been a figure more revered than read. This problem is eloquently solved with James Apple's study, which contains translations of works by Atisa and his followers that had been long forgotten. This single volume reshapes our understanding of the origins of Madhyamaka in Tibet."
--Donald S. Lopez Jr., Arthur E. Link Distinguished University Professor of Buddhist and Tibetan Studies, University of Michigan