Introduction to the Wynford Edition I. Models and Precursors The Nature of the Inquiry The Use of Models (i) Why Models? (ii) Why Historically Successive Models? (iii) Why These Models? Precursors of Liberal Democracy (i) Democracy and Class (ii) Pre-nineteenth Century Theories as Precursors II. Model 1: Protective Democracy The Break in the Democratic Tradition The Utilitarian Base Bentham's Ends of Legislation The Political Requirement James Mill's Seesaw Protective Democracy for Market Man III. Model 2: Developmental Democracy The Emergence of Model 2 Model 2A: J.S. Mill's Developmental Democracy The Taming of the Democratic Franchise Model 2B: Twentieth-Century Developmental Democracy IV. Model 3: Equilibrium Democracy The Entrepreneurial Market Analogy The Adequacy of Model 3 (i) Descriptive Adequacy (ii) Explanatory Adequacy (iii) Justificatory Adequacy The Faltering of Model 3 V. Model 4: Participatory Democracy The Rise of the Idea Is More Participation Now Possible? (i) The Problem of Size (ii) A Vicious Circle and Possible Loopholes Models of Participatory Democracy (i) Model 4A: An Abstract First Approximation (ii) Model 4B: A Second Approximation Participatory Democracy as Liberal Democracy Further Reading Index
C.B. Macpherson (1911-1987) was professor of political science at the University of Toronto. Widely regarded as Canada's pre-eminent political theorist of the twentieth century, he was the author of numerous books, including Democratic Theory: Essays in Retrieval and The Real World of Democracy, and was named to the Order of Canada, the country's highest civilian honour.