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Marble Halls
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Marble Halls is about the great civic buildings that were designed in the style of Beaux-Arts classicism during the Gilded Age (1865-1918) and about the City Beautiful movement that was intended to improve the setting for the buildings and the urban environment for the people. The Industrial Revolution, which arrived belatedly in the United States, provided the wealth required for grand architecture, and the classical Beaux-style was imported from Paris to serve as a veneer to a society that saw itself as brash and culturally unrefined. Major buildings, from New York City to San Francisco and from St. Paul, MN, to Jacksonville, FL, are discussed as the creations of architects such as McKim, Mead & White, Richard Morris Hunt, and Cass Gilbert with exteriors enhanced by the sculptures of Daniel Chester French and Augustus Saint-Gaudens. But the interiors, too, received rich ornamentation as America saw the rise of its first real school of mural painters whose work was often complemented by the art of the mosaic-maker and the stained-glass window-maker; the Gilded Age was the era that saw the formation of a national association of mural painters and a national sculpture society, as well as national, state and local agencies and commissions to oversee the quality of work in civic buildings. All collaborated to produce the glorious grandeur that Americans believed reflected their proper place as a new power that arose on the world stage, in politics, economics, and military adventurism. Federal buildings, state houses, court houses, train stations, libraries and art museums are discussed as contributors to the City Beautiful movement and to the assertive personality of the new American.
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Table of Contents

Preface Introduction: The Giant Rises Chapter 1. The World's Columbian Exposition, Chicago, 1893 Chapter 2. City Planning: The City Beautiful Movement and the Resurgence of Classical Architecture Chapter 3. A Palazzo of Knowledge: The Boston Public Library Chapter 4. The Library of Congress: Democracy's Palace Chapter 5. Civic Grandeur, Civic Religion, Architecture, and Allegory: "We have learned to live with magnificence" Chapter 6. Westward the Course of Governance Takes Its Way: Mighty Domes Arise in the Midwest Chapter 7. The Great American Train Station: Roman Doric Homes for the Iron Horse Chapter 8. Libraries Across the Land: The Halls of Carnegie Chapter 9. Palaces of Art: The Met and the Mogul Chapter 10. The Gentleman's Club: A Home Away from Home; or, a Palazzo Away from the Palazzo Conclusion: The Last, but Magnificent, Hurrahs Endnotes Bibliography Acknowledgments Index

About the Author

Wayne Craven is The Henry Francis du Pont Winterthur Professor of Art History, Emeritus, at the University of Delaware.

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