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The integration of electronic engineering, mechanical engineering, control and computer engineering - Mechatronics - lies at the heart of the innumerable gadgets, processes and technology without which modern life would seem impossible. From auto-focus cameras to car engine management systems, and from state-of-the-art robots to the humble washing machine, Mechatronics has a hand in them all.
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Table of Contents

PrefaceIntroduction1 Introducing mechatronicsChapter objectives1.1 What is mechatronics?1.2 The design process1.3 Systems1.4 Measurement systems1.5 Control systems1.6 Programmable logic controller1.7 Examples of mechatronic systemsSummaryProblems Sensors and signal conditioning2 Sensors and transducersChapter objectives2.1 Sensors and transducers2.2 Performance terminology2.3 Displacement, position and proximity2.4 Velocity and motion2.5 Force2.6 Fluid pressure2.7 Liquid flow2.8 Liquid level2.9 Temperature2.10 Light sensors2.11 Selection of sensors2.12 Inputting data by switchesSummaryProblems 3 Signal conditioningChapter objectives3.1 Signal conditioning3.2 The operational amplifier3.3 Protection3.4 Filtering3.5 Wheatstone bridge3.6 Pulse modulation3.7 Problems with signals3.8 Power transferSummaryProblems 4 Digital signalsChapter objectives4.1 Digital signals4.2 Analogue and digital signals4.3 Digital-to-analogue and analogue-to-digital converters4.4 Multiplexers4.5 Data acquisition4.6 Digital signal processingSummaryProblems 5 Digital logicChapter objectives5.1 Digital logic5.2 Logic gates5.3 Applications of logic gates5.4 Sequential logicSummaryProblems 6 Data presentation systemsChapter objectives6.1 Displays6.2 Data presentation elements6.3 Magnetic recording6.4 Optical recording6.5 Displays6.6 Data acquisition systems6.7 Measurement systems6.8 Testing and calibrationSummaryProblems Actuation7 Pneumatic and hydraulic actuation systemsChapter objectives7.1 Actuation systems7.2 Pneumatic and hydraulic systems7.3 Directional control valves7.4 Pressure control valves7.5 Cylinders7.6 Servo and proportional control valves7.7 Process control valves7.8 Rotary actuatorsSummaryProblems 8 Mechanical actuation systemsChapter objectives8.1 Mechanical systems8.2 Types of motion8.3 Kinematic chains8.4 Cams8.5 Gear trains8.6 Ratchet and pawl8.7 Belt and chain drives8.8 Bearings8.9 Mechanical aspects of motor selectionSummaryProblems 9 Electrical actuation systemsChapter objectives9.1 Electrical systems9.2 Mechanical switches9.3 Solid-state switches9.4 Solenoids9.5 D.C. motors9.6 A.C. motors9.7 Stepper motorsSummaryProblems Microprocessor systems10 Microprocessors and microcontrollersChapter objectives10.1 Control10.2 Microprocessor systems10.3 Microcontrollers10.4 Applications10.5 ProgrammingSummaryProblems 11 Assembly languageChapter objectives11.1 Languages11.2 Instruction sets11.3 Assembly language programs11.4 Subroutines11.5 Look-up tables11.6 Embedded systemsSummaryProblems 12 C language12.1 Why C?12.2 Program structure12.3 Branches and loops12.4 Arrays12.5 Pointers12.6 Program development12.7 Examples of programs12.8 Arduino programsSummaryProblems 13 Input/output systemsChapter Objectives13.1 Interfacing13.2 Input/output addressing13.3 Interface requirements13.4 Peripheral interface adapters13.5 Serial communications interface13.6 Examples of interfacingSummaryProblems 14 Programmable logic controllersChapter objectives14.1 Programmable logic controllers14.2 Basic PLC structure14.3 Input/output processing14.4 Ladder programming14.5 Instruction lists14.6 Latching and internal relays14.7 Sequencing14.8 Timers and counters14.9 Shift registers14.10 Master and jump controls14.11 Data handling14.12 Analogue input/outputSummaryProblems 15 Communication systemsChapter objectives15.1 Digital communications15.2 Centralised, hierarchical and distributed control15.3 Networks15.4 Protocols15.5 Open Systems Interconnection communication model15.6 Serial communication interfaces15.7 Parallel communication interfaces15.8 Wireless protocolsSummaryProblems 16 Fault findingChapter objectives16.1 Fault-detection techniques16.2 Watchdog timer16.3 Parity and error coding checks16.4 Common hardware faults16.5 Microprocessor systems16.6 Emulation and simulation16.7 PLC systemsSummaryProblems System models17 Basic system modelsChapter objectives17.1 Mathematical models17.2 Mechanical system building blocks17.3 Electrical system building blocks17.4 Fluid system building blocks17.5 Thermal system building blocksSummaryProblems 18 System modelsChapter objectives18.1 Engineering systems18.2 Rotational-translational systems18.3 Electromechanical systems18.4 Linearity18.5 Hydraulic-mechanical systemsSummaryProblems 19 Dynamic responses of systemsChapter objectives19.1 Modelling dynamic systems19.2 Terminology19.3 First-order systems19.4 Second-order systems19.5 Performance measures for second-order systems19.6 System identificationSummaryProblems 20 System transfer functionsChapter objectives20.1 The transfer function20.2 First-order systems20.3 Second-order systems20.4 Systems in series20.5 Systems with feedback loops20.6 Effect of pole location on transient responseSummaryProblems 21 Frequency responseChapter objectives21.1 Sinusoidal input21.2 Phasors21.3 Frequency response21.4 Bode plots21.5 Performance specifications21.6 StabilitySummaryProblems 22 Closed-loop controllersChapter objectives22.1 Continuous and discrete control processes22.2 Terminology22.3 Two-step mode22.4 Proportional mode22.5 Derivative control22.6 Integral control22.7 PID controller22.8 Digital controllers22.9 Control system performance22.10 Controller tuning22.11 Velocity control22.12 Adaptive controlSummaryProblems 23 Artificial intelligenceChapter objectives23.1 What is meant by artificial intelligence?23.2 Perception and cognition23.3 Reasoning23.4 LearningSummaryProblems Conclusion24 Mechatronics systemsChapter objectives24.1 Mechatronic designs24.2 Case studies24.3 RoboticsSummaryProblems and assignments AppendicesA The Laplace transformA.1 The Laplace transformA.2 Unit steps and impulsesA.3 Standard Laplace transformsA.4 The inverse transformProblems B Number systemsB.1 Number systemsB.2 Binary mathematicsB.3 Floating numbersB.4 Gray codeProblems C Boolean algebraC.1 Laws of Boolean algebraC.2 De Morgan lawsC.3 Boolean function generation from truth tablesC.4 Karnaugh mapsProblems D Instruction setsE C library functionsF MATLAB and SIMULINKF.1 MATLABF.2 SIMULINK G Electrical circuit analysisG.1 D.C. circuitsG.2 A.C. circuits Further informationAnswersIndex

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Mechatronics is essential reading for students requiring an introduction to this exciting area at undergraduate and higher diploma level.

About the Author

Bill Bolton was formerly Consultant to the Further Education Unit and Head of Research and Development and Monitoring at BTEC. He has also been a UNESCO consultant and is the author of many successful engineering textbooks.

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