Introduction: military effectiveness twenty years after Williamson Murray and Allan R. Millett; 1. The Soviet armed forces in the interwar period Earl F. Ziemke; 2. The French armed forces, 1918-40 Robert A. Doughty; 3. The military effectiveness of the US armed forces, 1919-39 Ronald Spector; 4. The British armed forces, 1918-39 Brian Bond and Williamson Murray; 5. Japanese military effectiveness: the interwar period Carl Boyd; 6. The Italian armed forces, 1918-40 Brian R. Sullivan; 7. German military effectiveness between 1919 and 1939 Manfred Messerschmidt; 8. Military effectiveness of armed forces in the interwar period, 1919-41: a review Alvin D. Coox.
Examines questions raised by the performance of the military institutions of France, Germany, Russia, the US, Great Britain, Japan and Italy between 1914 and 1945.
Allan R. Millett is a specialist in the history of American military policy and twentieth-century wars. He is the founder of the internationally renowned military history program at the Ohio State University, where he is Mason Professor of History Emeritus. Millett currently directs the Eisenhower Center for American Studies at the University of New Orleans, where he is the Ambrose Professor of History and serves as the Senior Military Advisor for the National World War II Museum. He is the author or co-author of eight books and co-editor of five others. Williamson Murray is Professor Emeritus of History at the Ohio State University. At present he is a defense consultant and commentator on historical and military subjects in Washington. He is co-editor of The Making of Peace (with Jim Lacey), The Past as Prologue (with Richard Hart Sinnreich), The Dynamics of Military Revolution, 1300-2050 (with MacGregor Knox), Military Innovation in the Interwar Period (with Allan R. Millett), and The Making of Strategy (with Alvin Bernstein and MacGregor Knox). He has edited, along with Richard Sinnreich and Jim Lacey, a volume entitled The Shaping of Grand Strategy (Cambridge University Press, 2011).
'Military Effectiveness is a first-rate historical analysis and
commentary on the performance of nations at war in the most violent
half-century in recorded human history. Drawing upon the
considerable talents of such historians as Paul Kennedy, Holger H.
Herwig, John Gooch, Earl F. Ziemke, Robert A. Doughty, Ronald
Spector, Alvin D. Coox, MacGregor Knox, and Russell F. Weigley,
Military Effectiveness offers a host of compelling ... insights as
to why 'some military forces succeed, while others fail'.' Jeffrey
'This is an ambitious project that seeks to examine the military effectiveness of Great Britain, the United States, France, Germany, Russia, Italy, and Japan during the two world wars and in the interwar period ... The essays ... provide a multitude of valuable insights and analyses, particularly on questions such as manpower and budgetary allocations that are sometimes overlooked in studies that deal mainly with operations. Much information is packed into this work that would require extensive reading in unfamiliar sources to obtain elsewhere ... It is impossible in a short review to do justice to the subtlety and complexity of all of the essays. They are of a uniformly high standard.' Paul G. Halpern, The American Historical Review
'Military Effectiveness addresses its theme in a comprehensive framework ... The familiar reviewer's complaint about collective works, that they lack focus, can scarcely be applied here. These three volumes move toward their goal with the serried precision of the Queen's Birthday Review. The coherence of Military Effectiveness is not achieved at the expense of individual contributions. Their overall quality is high enough that workaday scholars are as likely to consult specific essays as to make use of the work's general lines of argument.' Dennis E. Showalter, The Journal of Military History
'As one can quickly determine from the scope, [this] is a work of great magnitude and potential ... Academics using these studies will benefit from the explicit inclusion of the political level, while military professionals will profit from incorporation of the operational level rather than the former strategic-tactical construct of military studies. It is not often that one work can appeal to both audiences, and the editors are to be congratulated for adopting this schema ... Its main value is that it represents the only single source of comparative studies that examine both the conduct of and preparation for war across seven cultures and over three decades that profoundly influenced the twentieth century ... For the serious student of military affairs who wishes to tackle the entire series, the rewards will be in the insights gained from the almost limitless combinations one can use to structure the data.' Harold R. Winton, The Journal of Military History