Chronology of Major Events
A Note on Transliteration and StyleIntroduction 1
Chapter 1. Cholera and the Globalization of Health in Iran, 1821-1889
Chapter 2. The 1889-1893 Cholera Epidemics
Chapter 3. Epidemics and Sanitary Imperialism, 1896-1904
Chapter 4. Cholera, Germs, and the 1906 Constitutional Revolution
Chapter 5. Wars, Plagues, and Institutional Developments in Health, 1906-1926
A. Nasir al-Din Shah's 1879 Decree on the Hygiene of Tehran
B. Muzaffar al-Din Shah's 1897 Decree Regulating Sanitary Stations and Quarantines on Iran's Eastern Frontiers
C. Medical Practice Act of 1911
D. 1914 Sanitation Ordinances for Tehran Notes
How deadly cholera pandemics transformed modern Iran.
Amir A. Afkhami is an associate professor with joint appointments in psychiatry, global health, and history at George Washington University. He is also a lecturer at the US Department of Defense's Joint Counterintelligence Training Academy and the author of the US State Department's Iraq Mental Health Initiative.