JULIAN JAYNES (1920-1997) was a researcher in psychology at Yale and Princeton, who achieved an almost cult-like reputation for the controversial book, The Origin of Consciousness in the Breakdown of the Bicameral Mind, which was his only published work.
When Julian Jaynes . . . speculates that until late in the twentieth millennium b.c. men had no consciousness but were automatically obeying the voices of the gods, we are astounded but compelled to follow this remarkable thesis. -- John Updike The New Yorker