I. EXAMINATOIN PROCEDURES. A. Extraoral and Intraoral Examination. B. Introduction to Instrumentation: Use of the Periodontal Probe. C. Periodontal Examination. D. Interpretation of Probing. II. DETECTION OF CALCULUS. A. Use of the Explorer. B. Use of the Compressed Air. III. SCALING AND ROOT PLANING. A. Fundamentals of Scaling and Root Planing. B. Scaling and Root Planing Procedure. C. Use of Universal Curets. D. Use of the Gracey Curets. E. Instrumentation of Different Areas of the Mouth. F. The Fifteen Principles of Instrumentation. G. Use of Sickles. H. Use of Hoes an Files. I. Use of Ultrasonic and Sonic Scaling Devices. IV. INSTRUMENTATION SHARPENING. A. Principles of Sharpening. B. Sharpening Curets. C. Sharpening Sickles. V. POLISHING. A. Fundamentals of Polishing. B. Pain and Anxiety Control. C. Exploring the Periodontal Patient. D. Advanced Root Instrumentation. E. Instruments Modified for Periodontal Patients. F. Gingival Curettage. G. Periodontal Dressings and Suture Removal. H. Postoperative Instructions. I. Desensitizing Root Surfaces. Index.