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Plant Breeding Reviews, Volume 44


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Table of Contents

Contributors ix

1 Salvatore Ceccarelli: Plant Breeder, Mentor, and Farmers' Friend 1
Stefania Grando

I. Biographical Sketch and Background 2

II. Research 6

III. The Man 17

IV. The Mentor and Inspirer 19

V. The Innovator 20

VI. The Supporter of National Programs 21

VII. The Advocate of Farmers 21

Acknowledgments 22

Literature Cited 22

Selected Publications of Salvatore Ceccarelli 25

2 Maize Cross Incompatibility and the Promiscuous Ga1-m Allele 31
Major M. Goodman, Zachary G. Jones, G. Jesus Sanchez, and Jerry L. Kermicle

I. Historical Background 33

II. Ga1 (Gametophyte-Factor 1), Ga2 (Gametophyte-Factor 2), and Tcb1 (Teosinte-Crossing-Barrier 1) 34

III. Ga1-m (Gametophyte-Factor 1-Male) 35

IV. Locus Composition 35

V. Gametophytic Selective Advantage 36

VI. Silk Reactions 36

VII. Mapping Gametophytic Loci 38

VIII. Geographical Distribution of Ga1 Alleles 38

IX. Distribution of Ga1 Alleles in Commercial Materials 41

X. Teosinte and Maize 41

XI. Popcorn and Organic Isolations 43

XII. Exceptionally Strong Cross-Incompatible Sources Within Maize 44

XIII. Caution Concerning Use of Ga1-m 45

XIV. Genetic Modifiers 46

XV. Molecular Characterizations 47

XVI. Recent Conclusions 47

XVII. Practical Use of Pollen-Blockers 47

XVIII. Future Prospects 50

Acknowledgments 54

Literature Cited 54

3 Development of the Genetically Modified Innate (R) Potato 57
Craig M. Richael

I. Introduction 58

II. Innate (R) Generation 1 Potato Varieties 65

III. Innate (R) Generation 2 Potato Varieties 71

IV. Future Innate (R) Potato Varieties 74

V. Conclusions 75

Literature Cited 76

4 Cucumis sativus Chromosome Evolution, Domestication, and Genetic Diversity: Implications for Cucumber Breeding 79
Yiqun Weng

I. Introduction 81

II. Chromosome Evolution in the Making of Cucumber 83

III. Chromosome Evolution During Cucumber Domestication 86

IV. Diffusion of Cucumber to the World From its Center of Diversity and the Formation of Market Groups 90

V. Types of Cucumbers: Fresh Market vs Processing 92

VI. Genetic Diversity and Population Structure of Cucumber Collection 94

VII. Genetic Basis of Domestication-Related Traits in Cucumbers 96

VIII. Chromosome Evolution, Domestication, and Genetic Diversity: Implications for Cucumber Breeding 101

Acknowledgments 104

Literature Cited 104

5 Freelance Plant Breeding 113
Carol S. Deppe

I. Introduction 115

II. Evolution of a Freelance Plant Breeder 116

III. Who and Where 119

IV. How Freelancers Learn the Plant Breeding Trade 130

V. Why-Motivations and Values 136

VI. Crops 139

VII. Goals 146

VIII. Methods 151

IX. Sources of Germplasm 161

X. Economics of Freelance Plant Breeding 164

XI. Freelance Plant Breeding That Doesn't Fit Commercial Models 174

XII. Open Source Seed Initiative and Freelance Plant Breeding 176

XIII. Future Prospects 180

Acknowledgments 183

Literature Cited 183

6 Meadowfoam Breeding 187
Jennifer G. Kling

I. Introduction 189

II. Botany and Taxonomy of Limnanthes 190

III. Meadowfoam Breeding Organizations 195

IV. Seed Production Requirements 197

V. Greenhouse and Field Plot Techniques 201

VI. Selection Methods 206

VII. Breeding Populations and Molecular Resources 216

VIII. Meadowfoam Seed Oil 222

IX. Biotic Constraints 225

X. Glucosinolates and Other Seed Meal Components 230

XI. Meadowfoam in Cropping Systems 234

XII. Conclusions and Future Directions 235

Acknowledgments 237

Literature Cited 237

7 Reconsidering Approaches to Selection in Winter Squash Improvement: Improved Quality and Breeding Efficiency 247
Michael Mazourek, Christopher Hernandez, and Jack Fabrizio

I. Introduction 249

II. Genomic Resources for Winter Squash Improvement 251

III. Insight into Winter Squash Metabolism Related to Fruit Quality 253

IV. Winter Squash Quality Phenotyping 258

V. Squash Breeding Schemes 260

VI. Applying Genomic Selection in Cucurbita 264

VII. Conclusion 268

Acknowledgments 268

Literature Cited 269

8 Development of the Arctic (R) Apple 273
Evan Stowe and Amit Dhingra

I. Introduction 274

II. Genetic Engineering of Apple 275

III. Development and Evaluation of the Arctic (R) Apple 280

Literature Cited 292

Author Index 297

Subject Index 305

About the Author

Irwin L. Goldman, Professor and Chair, Department of Horticulture, University of Wisconsin-Madison, USA.

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