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Plant Factory


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This book provides expert insights into the best practices and lessons learned regarding the growth of food supply plants in controlled environments using artificial light

Table of Contents

Part I Overview and concept of closed plant production system (CPPS) 1. Introduction 2. Role of plant factory with artificial lighting (PFAL) in urban areas 3. PFAL business and R&D in the world - current status and perspectives 4. Plant factory as a resource-efficient closed plant production system 5. Micro- and mini-PFALs for improving quality of life in urban areas 6. Rooftop plant production systems in urban areas Part II Basics of physics and physiology - Environments and their effects 7. Light 8. Physical environmental factors and their properties 9. Photosynthesis and respiration 10. Growth, development, transpiration and translocation as affected by abiotic environmental factors 11. Nutrition and nutrient uptake in hydroponic systems 12. Tip burn 13. Functional components in leafy vegetables 14. Medicinal components 15. Production of pharmaceuticals in a specially designed plant factory Part III System design, construction, cultivation and management 16. Plant production process, floor plan and layout of PFAL 17. Hydroponic systems 18. Seeding, seedling production and transplanting 19. Transplant production in closed systems 20. Photoautotrophic micropropagation 21. Biological factor management 22. Design and management of PFAL 23. Automated technology in plant factories with artificial lighting 24. Life cycle assessment 25. Education, training, intensive business forums on plant factories Part IV PFALs in operation and its perspectives 26. Selected commercial PFALs in Japan and Taiwan 27. Challenges for the next-generation PFAL 28. Conclusions: resource-saving and resource-consuming characteristics of PFALs

About the Author

With over 270 original papers, 140 review papers, 159 other papers, 171 books or book chapters, and 7 translations of books from English to Japanese, 20 active patents with 50 approved in total, Toyoki Kozai is an award winning scientist who has made significant contributions to the advancement of technology and agriculture, particularly plant factory science. Dr. Genhua Niu is an off campus faculty at the Texas A&M AgriLife Research Center at El Paso with 100% Research Appointment. Her areas of special expertise are in environmental stress physiology and plant production in controlled environment. Her current research areas include identifying drought and salt tolerant low water use plant materials for urban landscape, quantifying growth and physiological responses of crops to drought, salt and heat stresses, and determining the minimum water requirement for urban landscape plants for maintaining a healthy landscape while conserving water. Dr. Takagaki is Assistant Professor at the Faculty of Horticulture, Chiba University, assigned to the University Farm, and has engaged in education and research. In charge of foreign student affairs since 1997 and of international affairs in general since 2006 he holds a concurrent assignment as a Deputy Director of the Center for Environment, Health and Fields Sciences. Engaging with research and experiments in Agronomy of Tropical Agriculture with major fields in Thailand, Indonesia and other Southeast Asian countries, Dr. Takagaki has done research and taught in the fields of tropical agriculture, vegetable science, environmental control, protected horticulture and training of basic horticulture.


"Plant Factory is very useful for a beginner interested to venture into crop production using plant factory system. It provides a comprehensive information from all aspects of crop production under a housing or factory system, inclusive the design of the structure and lighting and their mantainance. I would recommend it to be used as a textbook for horticulture course on vegetables production system where land is limited such as in urban areas. The science or technical know-how is very strong as a lot of research has been conducted to support the claims. It is quite unusual for a book to even provide information on the training centre whereby a trainee can register himself or herself. As it mentioned, this system of vegetables production is rather costly and the economics or cost-benefit analysis should be included as one of the main topic in the book. Also, the risk or probability of failure of the entrepreneur investing in this system to succeed or make money should also be highlighted. Also, it will be quite useful to know the perception of customers or how to convince the customers to pay more for the vegetables produced in the plant factory." -- Prof. Dr. Che Fauziah Ishak, Universiti Putra Malaysia

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