Preface to the Second Edition Acknowledgements About the authors 1. Introduction to Public Health 2. Public Health Old and New 3. Incidence and prevalence 4. Risks and Odds 5. Hierarchy of evidence and investigating causation 6. Bias, confounding and chance in epidemiological studies 7. Standardisation 8. Ecological and cross-sectional studies 9. Case-control studies 10. Cohort studies 11. Trials (experimental studies) 12. Systematic reviews and meta-analysis 13. Diagnostic tests 14. Developing Guidelines 15. Health and illness 16. Demographic and epidemiological transitions 17. Health Information 18. Measuring population health status 19. Determinants of Health 20. Lifestyle determinants of health 21. Social determination of health 22. Environmental determinants of health 23. Inequalities in health 24. Health needs assessment 25. Maternal and Infant health 26. Health of older people 27. Disease prevention 28. Principles of disease transmission 29. Communicable disease control 30. Surveillance 31. Immunisation 32. Screening principles 33. Screening programmes 34. Health promotion 35. Changing behaviour 36. Economic perspectives on health 37. Economic evaluation 38. Economic perspectives on measuring health-related outcomes 39. Economics of public health problems 40. Health care systems 41. Planning health services 42. Improving services 43. Health care evaluation Self-Assessment Self-assessment Questions Self-assessment Answers Appendix- Practical issues in conducting epidemiological studies Further reading Index
Margaret Somerville is Director of Public Health and Health Policy at NHS Highland. Previously she was Senior Lecturer and Director of Public Health Learning in the Peninsula College of Medicine and Dentistry. Kumaran Kalyanaraman is Clinical Scientist and Senior Lecturer, MRC Life course Epidemiology Unit, University of Southampton Medical School. Rob Anderson is Associate Professor of Health Economics and Evaluation at the University of Exeter Medical School.