James Cooper holds the B.A. from the University of Michigan in psychology and the Ph.D. from the University of Iowa in Educational Psychology, Statistics and Measurement. He is Professor of Graduate Education at California State University, Dominguez Hills where he teaches courses in research methods, educational psychology and program evaluation. In 1991 Dr. Cooper received the Lyle F. Gibson Distinguished Teaching Award from Dominguez Hills. Pamela Robinson holds the B.A. in Psychology from California State University, Dominguez Hills and the M.A. in Experimental Psychology from the California State University, Fullerton. She is a Lecturer in the School of Education at California State University, Dominguez Hills where she teaches courses in motivation and learning, research methods and multicultural issues in education.