Merle Goldman is Professor of History, Emerita, at Boston University and Associate of the Fairbank Center for Chinese Studies at Harvard University.
Dissident intellectuals played a key role in the demise of European communism. Can Chinese intellectuals play a similar role in a democratic transformation of China after the death of Deng Xiaoping? In this important study, Goldman, our leading chronicler of Chinese literary and intellectual politics, meticulously traces the political evolution during the 1980s of the small group of high-profile intellectuals she somewhat misleadingly calls the ``democratic elite.'' By spring 1989, many of them had abandoned their faith in the power of the Communist party to transform itself and had moved toward the politics of democratic opposition. But Goldman's focus on intellectuals is only one dimension of the politics of democratic transition in China, where vast socioeconomic changes have badly eroded Communist party rule. For all academic libraries. --Steven I. Levine, Boulder Run Research, Hillsborough, N.C.
[A] definitive study of China's dissidents... [Goldman] is the
foremost Western expert on China's intellectual
dissidents-especially writers-since the founding of the People's
Republic in 1949... Whenever one seeks an explanation, Goldman
furnishes it. -- Jonathan Mirsky * New York Times Book Review *
Goldman selects about three dozen figures for careful study... Some of the subjects...appear in one of [her] two earlier books (Literary Dissent in Communist China and China's Intellectuals). The three books are similar in style, chronologically consecutive, and together make a comprehensive and shrewdly analytical history of the battles that have taken place over dissident thought in Communist China. -- Perry Link * New York Review of Books *
Until now, no work has adequately probed the intellectual climate of China's decade of reform ending in the Tiananmen drama of May-June 1989. With sensitivity to both the Confucian and Maoist past, Goldman, in a gripping narrative, reviews the lives and activities of a host of intellectual gadflies. * Virginia Quarterly Review *
The title of Goldman's new volume is misleading: the book is not simply a recounting of political reform (or its lack) in post-Mao China, but a fascinating account of how China's intellectuals sought to produce such reform in a sometimes favorable, but often hostile, environment. We learn an enormous amount from this book about who the important intellectual actors are in post-Mao China as well as about their views, activities, and relationship to elites and how each of these changed during the course of the era. Goldman's interesting conclusion is that China's intellectuals largely failed in their efforts to bring about political reform through the traditional means of appealing to elite sponsors and acting as the voice of the masses. * Journal of Interdisciplinary History *
Goldman's book is a valuable addition to a growing literature which seeks to understand the changing nature of Chinese politics in the wake of the economic reform. -- Zhimin Lin * Review of Politics *
This exciting volume by a senior scholar full of profound insights will be welcomed by all students of contemporary China as well as by all interested in struggles for democratization. Rich and detailed, the book is full of new and important data. The writing is strong and dynamic. This is a wonderful book! -- Edward Friedman, University of Wisconsin
An outstanding Sinological study which brings up to date the complex relationships between the Chinese intellectuals and their government... Goldman has seemingly perfected the art of meticulous textual analysis of the writings of Chinese thinkers. -- Lucian W. Pye, Massachusetts Institute of Technology