Part I. The Framework of Responsibility: 1. Historical development; 2. Key concepts; 3. Corollaries of breach of an international obligation; Part II. Attribution to the State: 4. Organs and entities exercising governmental authority; 5. Direction and control by the State; 6. Other cases of attribution; Part III. Breach: 7. Breach: the material element; 8. Breach: the temporal element; 9. Circumstances precluding wrongfulness; Part IV. Collective or Ancillary Responsibility: 10. Responsibility in cases of joint or collective conduct; 11. Responsibility for breaches of communitarian norms; 12. Ancillary and secondary responsibility; 13. Succession to responsibility; Part V. Cessation and Reparation: 14. Restoration of legal relations after breach; 15. Reparation; 16. Remedies; Part VI. The Implementation of Responsibility: 17. The claims process; 18. Claims on behalf of others: diplomatic and functional protection; 19. Implementation of responsibility by judicial process; 20. Invocation in cases involving multiple parties; 21. Implementation of responsibility by extra-judicial process; Appendix 1. ILC Articles on Responsibility of States for Internationally Wrongful Acts (2001); Appendix 2. General Assembly Resolution 56/83, 12 December 2001; General Assembly Resolution 59/35, 2 December 2004; General Assembly Resolution 62/61, 6 December 2007; General Assembly Resolution 65/19, 6 December 2010; Appendix 3. ILC Draft Articles on Diplomatic Protection (2006); Appendix 4. ILC Draft Articles on State Responsibility (as proposed by F. V. Garcia-Amador, 1961); Appendix 5. ILC Draft Articles on State Responsibility (as adopted on first reading, 1996); Appendix 6. ILC Draft Articles on Responsibility of International Organizations (2010).
This book reviews the responsibility of states for acts contrary to international law and examines the connections between institutions, rules and practice.
James Crawford is Whewell Professor of International Law at the University of Cambridge. From 1997 to 2001 he was the ILC Special Rapporteur on State Responsibility.
'Undoubtedly, the book under review qualifies as the most authoritative expression of state responsibility and its rules today, not only because of the extensive discussion devoted to the different aspects of state responsibility, but also because Crawford's background in the field gives him special knowledge that other scholars may lack ...' Katja Creutz, Nordic Journal of International Law