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Tocqueville - The Aristocratic Sources of Liberty


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Table of Contents

Introduction 1 PART ONE. WHAT DID TOCQUEVILLE MEAN BY "DEMOCRACY"? 15 1. Attacking the French Tradition: Popular Sovereignty Redefined in and through Local Liberties 21 2. Democracy as Modern Religion 65 3. Democracy as Expectation of Material Pleasures 82 PART TWO. TOCQUEVILLE AS SOCIOLOGIST 95 4. In the Tradition of Montesquieu: The State-Society Analogy 101 5. Counterrevolutionary Traditionalism: A Muffled Polemic 106 6. The Discovery of the Collective 115 7. Tocqueville and the Protestantism of His Time: The Insistent Reality of the Collective 129 PART THREE. TOCQUEVILLE AS MORALIST 145 8. The Moralist and the Question of l'Honnete 147 9. Tocqueville's Relation to Jansenism 159 PART FOUR. TOCQUEVILLE IN LITERATURE: DEMOCRATIC LANGUAGE WITHOUT DECLARED AUTHORITY 193 10. Resisting the Democratic Tendencies of Language 199 11. Tocqueville in the Debate about Literature and Society 226 PART FIVE: THE GREAT CONTEMPORARIES: MODELS AND COUNTERMODELS 249 12. Tocqueville and Guizot: Two Conceptions of Authority 251 13. Tutelary Figures from Malesherbes to Chateaubriand 291 Conclusion 319 Appendix 1. The Use of Anthologies and Summaries in Tocqueville's Time 327 Appendix 2. Silvestre de Sacy, Review of Democracy in America 328 Appendix 3. Letter from Alexis de Tocqueville to Silvestre de Sacy 335 Index 337

About the Author

Lucien Jaume is a philosopher, political scientist, and historian of ideas. The author of a number of books, he is research director at France's Centre de Recherches Politiques de Sciences Po. He teaches in Paris, Rome, and Shanghai.


Winner of the 2008 Prix Francois Guizot, Acad?mie francaise "[E]xhilarating... Jaume, who probably knows Tocqueville's intellectual world better than anyone else alive, has reconstructed his reading in intricate detail, and brilliantly demonstrates the way particular themes and passages in Democracy in America relate to it."--David A. Bell, London Review of Books "This astute study of Alexis de Tocqueville and his landmark political study, Democracy in America (published in two volumes, in 1835 and 1840, respectively), offers insights into the Frenchman's life and times and how they shaped his perspective on the newborn American republic... Jaume does a fine job of interpreting Tocqueville's concept of the authority exercised by the public at large in a democratic America as (in Tocqueville's words) 'a sort of religion, with the majority as its prophet.' His volume provides a thorough understanding of Tocqueville's timeless work as a product of its time."--Publishers Weekly "[E]xcellent... Tocqueville knew well his own class's reservations about democracy, and Jaume shows how, like Shakespeare playing with Plutarch's plotting, Tocqueville deftly repurposed conservative French ideas for his American drama... [Jaume] sees in Tocqueville a political scientist, sociologist, moralist and writer, and discusses in detail his labors in each guise, the wonderful effect of which is to reveal how unified the man was--like the country he visited, vast and containing multitudes, as if Tocqueville saw himself in his portrait of America."--Elias Altman, The Nation "This is one of the finest studies of Tocqueville in years. It will prove invaluable to scholars."--Library Journal "Jaume has written a good book in the category of contextual studies, from which anyone can learn relevant facts of his life and thought useful for understanding [Tocqueville]."--Harvey C. Mansfield, New Criterion "[I]mpeccable scholarship."--Jeremy Jennings, Standpoint

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