Preface Acknowledgments Introduction 1. The Sources of Experience in Infancy The Nonegoic Core of the Psyche The Traditional View of the Infant's Experience The Nonegoic Core as a Source of the Infant's Experience The Nonegoic Core and the Preoedipal "Object" Conclusion 2. Ego Formation and the Origins of Dualism in Early Childhood The Early Preoedipal Period Rapprochement, Ambivalence, and the Splitting of the Great Mother The Repressive Underpinnings of Object Constancy The Oedipus Complex and the Consolidation of Ego Dominance Conclusion 3. Ego and Gender Gender Asymmetries in Preoedipal Development and Consequent Gender Disparities in Later Life Gender Variations in the Oedipus Complex Gender Differences and Superego Formation Narrow versus Wide Gender Differences Gender Differences in the Context of Patriarchal Dualism Conclusion 4. Ego Development and Dualism in Latency Psychodynamics Object Relations Ego Development Existential Orientation: Playful Exploration of the World Conclusion 5. Ego Development and Dualism in Adolescence Psychodynamics Object Relations Ego Development Existential Concerns: Identity Testing and Identity Anxiety Conclusion 6. Ego Development and Dualism in Early Adulthood Psychodynamics Object Relations Ego Development Existential Project: Earning Being and Value--The Identity Project Conclusion 7. Midlife Transvaluation and Pathologies of the Self The Disillusionment of the Mental Ego Pathologies of the Self Depression Narcissism Existential Syndrome The Divided Self The Borderline Condition Conclusion 8. The First Stage of Transcendence: The Dark Night of the Senses Pride Goeth Before a Fall The Inverse Law of Spiritual Development Passive Purgation Aridity Weakness of Will The Bitter Pill of Self-Knowledge On the Edge: Transition to the Dark Night of Spirit Emergence of the Mystery of Faith Conclusion 9. The Spiral Path of Transcendence: Awakening, Regression, Regeneration Awakening: Rupture of Planes and Encounter with the Numinous Regression in the Service of Transcendence Redemptive versus Pathological Regression: On Distinguishing the Dark Night of Spirit from Psychosis Regeneration in Spirit Conclusion 10. Gender and Transcendence Empowerment versus Withdrawal Jung's Conception of the Anima and Animus: A Critique Jung's Conception of the Anima and Animus: A Reconstruction God the Father and the Great Goddess Conclusion 11. The Goal of Transcendence: Integration Features of Integrated Life The Marriage of the Ego and the Dynamic Ground Integration as Goal and New Beginning Conclusion Notes References Index
Michael Washburn is Professor of Philosophy at Indiana University, South Bend.
"The author has an original theory of human development and self-actualization first expressed in outline form in his Ego and the Dynamic Ground and in this book presented in its fully developed and mature form. It is now more impressive for the range of materials it integrates, for the clearness of its thought, and for the way it brings into unity Freudian thought and the highest experiences of the great mystics of both West and East." - Harold G. Coward, University of Victoria "The scholarship is impeccable, the theoretical dimension is rigorous, and the critical thinking is strong." - David M. Levin, Northwestern University "Washburn's successful rapprochement of two of the most important psychodynamic traditions-psychoanalysis and transpersonal psychology-constitutes a major theoretical contribution to psychology." - Steven M. Rosen, City University of New York, College of Staten Island