Henry David Thoreau's masterworkWaldenis a collection of his
reflections on life and society. In 1845, he moved to a cabin that
he built with his own hands along the shores of Walden Pond in
Henry David Thoreau was born in 1817 in Concord, Massachusetts, the
town where he would live for most of his life. Along with Ralph
Waldo Emerson, he is the most famous of the American
Transcendentalists, a group of philosophical thinkers who
frequently explored the relationship between human beings and the
natural world. He was educated at Harvard, and over the course of
his life took on a number of different occupations, including
lead-pencil maker, schoolteacher, and surveyor.
Thoreau was outspokenly critical of the American government, fervently opposed to slavery, and an advocate of passive resistance. Whilst Walden (1854) is his best known work, his 1849 essay 'Civil Disobedience' has inspired non-violent political activists the world over, including Mahatma Ghandi and Martin Luther King Jr, and his nature writings are considered ground-breaking works in ecology. He died in his hometown of Concord in 1862.
Henry David Thoreau (1817-62) was born in Concord Massachusetts and educated at Harvard. He became a follower and a friend of Emerson, and described himself as a mystic and a transcendentalist. Although he published only two books in his lifetime, Walden is regarded as a literary masterpeice and one of the most significant books of the 19th century.