Editors' and authors' biographies.- 1. The Academic Profession in Twelve European Countries - The Approach of the Comparative Study; Ulrich Teichler and Ester Ava Hoehle.- 2. Academic Career Paths; Gulay Ates and Angelika Brechelmacher.- 3. Academic Work, Working Conditions and Job Satisfaction; Marek Kwiek and Dominik Antonowicz.- 4. Gender in Academia between Differences and Inequalities: Findings in Europe; Gaele Goastellec and Nicolas Pekari.- 5. The Teaching Function of the Academic Profession; Ester Ava Hoehle and Ulrich Teichler.- 6. The Research Function of the Academic Profession in Europe; Jonathan Drennan, Marie Clarke, Abbey Hyde and Yurgos Politis.- 7. The Academic Profession and the Role of the Service Function; Bojana Culum, Nena Roncevic and Jasminka Ledic.- 8. Movers and Shakers: Academics as Stakeholders - Do They Control Their Own Work?; Timo Aarrevaara and Ian R. Dobson.- 9. From Academic Self Governance to Executive University Management - Institutional Governance in the View of Academics in Europe; Elke Park.- 10. New University Governance: How the Academic Profession Perceives the Evaluation of Research and Teaching; David Campbell.- 11. The Internationalisation of Academic Markets, Careers and Profession; Gaele Goastellec and Nicolas Pekari.- 12. The European Academic Profession or Academic Professions in Europe?; Ester Ava Hoehle and Ulrich Teichler.- Appendix: Contextual information about the countries.