1. Introduction; 2. White racial attitudes, 1937–1950; 3. White veterans and racial attitudes, 1946–1961; 4. The Roosevelt Administration and civil rights during the Second World War; 5. The Truman Administration, military service, and postwar civil rights; 6. War, race, and American political development; Appendix; Bibliography; Index.
Examines the myriad consequences of World War II for racial attitudes and the presidential response to civil rights.
Steven White is Assistant Professor of Political Science in the Maxwell School of Citizenship and Public Affairs at Syracuse University, New York. His research examines race and American political development, particularly the complicated relationship between war and the inclusion of marginalized groups. His research has been published in Studies in American Political Development, American Politics Research, and Social Science Quarterly. He has also written for The Washington Post's Monkey Cage and the Los Angeles Review of Books.
'Steven White's remarkable book enriches our scholarly
understanding of the relationship between World War II and black
civil rights advocacy. White acknowledges the compelling narrative
that black activists were able to advance in light of their
service, the ways that the executive branch both supported and
resisted these narratives, and how white racial attitudes shifted
during this period. This book encourages us to see the World War II
era as an important but incomplete step toward civil rights, and
helps to show the strengths and limitations of arguments for rights
based on service.' Julie Novkov, University at Albany, State
University of New York
'Unique among scholars working on this issue, the author is able to draw expertly on both public opinion surveys and archival materials to complicate our understanding of the impact of war on the fight for racial equality. When he concludes that the effects of war 'can be uneven and often surprising, its consequences both compelling and constraining', we should believe him. An impressive book.' Robert Mickey, University of Michigan
'Total war forces a flawed democracy to live into its ideals - or does it? Carefully interrogating the canonical case of the color line during World War II America, Steven White complicates conventional wisdom with fresh evidence and clear thinking.' Rick Valelly, Swarthmore College, Pennsylvania
'This book offers a fresh approach to difficult aspects of World War II's legacy in the US.' J. P. Sanson, Choice
'Steven White challenges an axiom of American historical memory: that World War II helped push white Americans toward more liberal views on race and civil rights … World War II and American Racial Politics demonstrates excellence in research and writing …' Andrew S. Baer, Journal of Southern History
'… White contributes to our knowledge about this important and interesting topic. World War II is a crucial era that has been the subject of many presumptuous accounts. White brings direct evidence to bear that provides a corrective to some of the overgeneralizations in the literature. Furthermore, White offers some guideposts about how scholars could extend this work by integrating public opinion (and other types of data) with the historical study of political institutions.' Joseph Stewart Jr, Congress & the Presidency