Personnel includes: Sun Ra (piano, keyboards); Marshall Allen (alto saxophone, trumpet, flute, piccolo, percussion); Danny Davis (alto saxophone, flute); Harry Spencer (alto saxophone); John Gilmore (tenor saxophone, percussion); Pat Patrick (baritone saxophone, flute); Walter Miller (trumpet); Ali Hassan (trombone); Robert Cummings (clarinet); Ronnie Boykins (bass); Jimhmi Johnson (drums).
Principally recorded at Olatunji's Loft, New York, New York in 1965. Includes liner notes by John F. Szwed.
The boundaries of Sun Ra's self-proclaimed "space jazz" underwent a transformation in the mid-'60s. The Magic City is an aural snapshot of that metamorphic process. Many enthusiasts and scholars consider this to be among Ra's most definitive studio recordings. Although the "city" in the album's title was thought to have been New York -- where the disc was recorded -- it is actually Ra's earthly birthplace of Birmingham, AL. The Magic City consists of four free jazz compositions: the album side-length title track, "The Shadow World," "Abstract Eye," and "Abstract I" -- two variants of a common work. These pieces are essentially ensemble improvisations recorded live. Any direction from Ra, indicating the order of soloists for instance, would be given either through his playing or with hand signals. The title track begins with weaving distant and frenetic lines from Ronnie Boykins (bass) and Ra (piano, clavoline), connected by intermittent eruptions from Roger Blank (drums). All the while, Marshall Allen's dreamlike piccolo randomly maneuvers through the sonic haze. The piece also contains an ensemble onslaught that abruptly contrasts with everything experienced up through that point. In the wake of the innately earthbound "Magic City" are three comparatively shorter pieces with subtle undercurrents that return Ra to space motifs. For example, the importance of sonic contrast defines "The Shadow World" by juxtaposing the lightly churning bass and cymbal into some surreal keyboard interjections from Ra. ~ Lindsay Planer