- Culture: Joseph Hill, Albert Walker, Kenneth Dayes (vocals).
- Additional personnel: Lennox Gordon, Eric Lamout (guitar); Herman Marquis (alto saxophone); Tommy McCook (tenor saxophone); Bobby Ellis (trumpet); Vin Gordon (trombone); Franklyn Waul, Errol Nelson, Harold Butler (keyboards); Lloyd Parks (bass); Sticky (percussion).
- Includes liner notes by Randall Grass.
- Digitally remastered by Bill Giolando (CMS Digital).
- Culture: Harold Buter (keyboards); Lloyd Parks (bass guitar); Kenneth Lloyd Dayes, Albert Walker (background vocals); Lennox Gordon, Eric "Bingy Bunny" Lamont, Franklyn Waul, Errol Nelson, Herman Marquis, Joseph Hill, Robbie Shakespeare, Sly Dunbar, Tommy McCook, Vin Gordon, Sticky , Bobby Ellis.
- Personnel: Joseph Hill (vocals); Lennox Gordon, Eric "Bingy Bunny" Lamont, Robbie Shakespeare (guitar); Herman Marquis (alto saxophone); Tommy McCook (tenor saxophone); Bobby Ellis (trumpet); Vin Gordon (trombone); Franklyn Waul, Errol Nelson, Harold Butler (keyboards); Sly Dunbar (drums); Sticky (percussion).
- Additional personnel: Prince Weedy, I-Roy.
- Audio Remixers: Joe Gibbs; E.T.
- Liner Note Authors: Joe Gibbs; Lenny Kaye; Randall Grass.
- Recording information: Joe Gibbs Recording Studio, Kingston, Jamaica.
- Photographer: Kate Simon .
- Arrangers: Errol Thompson; Joe Gibbs.
- One of the masterpieces of the roots era, no album better defines its time and place than Two Sevens Clash, which encompasses both the religious fervor of its day and the rich sounds of contemporary Jamaica. Avowed Rastafarians, Culture had formed in 1976, and cut two singles before beginning work on their debut album with producers the Mighty Two (aka Joe Gibbs and Errol Thompson). Their second single, "Two Sevens Clash," would title the album and provide its focal point. The song swept across the island like a wildfire, its power fed by the apocalyptic fever that held the island in its clutches throughout late 1976 and into 1977. (Rastafarians believed the apocalypse would begin when the two sevens clashed, with July 7, 1977, when the four sevens clashed, the most fearsome date of concern.) However, the song itself was fearless, celebrating the impending apocalypse, while simultaneously reminding listeners of a series of prophesies by Marcus Garvey and twinning them to the island's current state. For those of true faith, the end of the world did not spell doom, but release from the misery of life into the eternal and heavenly arms of Jah. Thus, Clash is filled with a sense of joy mixed with deep spirituality, and a belief that historical injustice was soon to be righted. The music, provided by the Revolutionaries, perfectly complements the lyrics' ultimate optimism, and is quite distinct from most dread albums of the period.
- Although definitely rootsy, Culture had a lighter sound than most of their contemporaries. Not for them the radical anger of Black Uhuru, the fire of Burning Spear (although Hill's singsong delivery was obviously influenced by Winston Rodney), nor even the hymnal devotion of the Abyssinians. In fact, Clash is one of the most eclectic albums of the day, a wondrous blend of styles and sounds. Often the vocal trio works in a totally different style from the band, as on "Calling Rasta Far I," where the close harmonies, dread-based but African-tinged, entwine around a straight reggae backing. Several of the songs are rocksteady-esque with a rootsy rhythm, most notably the infectious "See Them Come"; others are performed in a rockers style, with "I'm Alone in the Wilderness" an exquisite blend of guitar and vocal harmonies. One of the best tracks, "Get Ready to Ride the Lion to Zion," is a superb hybrid of roots, rocksteady, and burbling electro wizardry; its roaring lion (created who knows how) is a brilliant piece of musical theater. "Natty Dread Take Over" twines together roots rhythms, close harmonies, and big-band swing, while even funk and hints of calypso put in appearances elsewhere on the album. Inevitably, the roots genre was defined by its minor-key melodies, filled with a sense of melancholy, and emphasized by most groups' lyrics. But for a brief moment, roots possibilities were endless. Sadly, no other group followed Culture's lead, and even the trio itself did not take advantage of it, especially after parting ways with Gibbs. When Culture re-emerged in the mid-'80s, they swiftly moved into a reggae lite/world music mode a world apart from where they started. Thus, Clash remains forever in a class all its own. ~ Jo-Ann Greene
Rolling Stone (p.74) - 5 stars out of 5 -- "TWO SEVENS CLASH is basically a Rastafarian gospel album....Memorable and uplifting..."
Rolling Stone (4/11/02, p.107) - Ranked #25 in Rolling Stone's "50 Coolest Records" - "...Funky-dread rasta proverbs about God and the devil and the apocalypse..."
The Wire (p.67) - "['I'm Not Ashamed'] finds Errol Thompson in top form with a mix that ranks amongst his best and most inventive, as ghostly string sections hang around the dub like a sonic mist."
Down Beat (p.74) - 5 stars out of 5 -- "[O]ne of the most potent reggae albums in creation, right up there with Burning Spear's SOCIAL LIVING..."
Goldmine - Highly Recommended "...one of the greatest reggae albums ever recorded..."
Mojo (Publisher) (8/02, p.77) - Included in Mojo's 50 Greatest Reggae Albums - "...Combined a sense of portentous dread with whistlable melodies..."
The Beat (Magazine) (p.13) - "This is quite simply one of the all-time greatest reggae releases ever....As great an experience as it was back then."
The Beat (Magazine) (p.21) - "This reggae milestone has everything going for it, including prophetic lyrics delivered like incantations...set to a percussive beat that boasts an odd mixture of rapture and urgency."